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Evacuees Essay

995 words - 4 pages

Year 11 Coursework "“ Evacuees "“ Background In Brief "“ At the start of the Second World War, British cities were seen as being threatened by Aerial Bombardment from the Germans. In order to protect children from the massive destruction expected they were moved to areas of safety away from population centres. All people were asked to carry Gas-Masks, as it was feared that the Germans would use chemical weapons in the battle against Britain. Some loved evacuation some hated it.The Effects of Aerial Warfare On Britain · 60,000 people were killed and 250,000 made homeless · Many factories, warehouses and Communications were destroyed · The effect of the Blitz was to bring the country closer together and reinforce a sense of unity against a common enemy · ARP Wardens ensured Blackouts were enforced in the major cities and made arrangements for the provision of shelter from the bombs · People built air-raid shelters inside (Morrison) and outside (Anderson) their homes.· Sandbags, Barrage Balloons, Taped Windows, Search Lights and Anti-aircraft Guns became a common sight in major cities.Evacuation City children were encouraged to move to safer areas of the country away from where the bombs would be dropped. Many Children were able to stay with relatives in the country. Others relied on the Government. The country was divided into areas "“ evacuation areas, neutral areas and reception areas. Children would be moved from the evacuation to the reception areas.Who was moved? Children over five years old, pregnant mothers, mothers with children under five years old and disabled people Where were they moved from? London, Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield, Leeds, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Newcastle, The Solent, Kent "“ later they were also moved from the south coast after Germany conquered France.Where were they moved to? Safe country areas away from the big cities.How were they moved? Those who could arrange to stay with relatives did so "“ over 2 million made these arrangements. The government sorted out another 1.5 million. Children were usually sorted out by their schools and whole classes left for the same areas of the country. Teachers had to go with them too.Pupils did not know on which day they would be moved and had to be prepared. When they were moved, they had to take enough food for the day's travel. Some thought it was like a holiday outing. Many arrived at their destinations ill and very tired, some had soiled themselves.Children had gas masks, bags and labels to identify them, brothers and sisters had to try and stay together. Waving goodbye was one of the hardest...

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