This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Evaluate The Advances In French Women’s Lives Since 1945. Had Equality Been Achieved By The Late 1970s? Include An Appreciation Of Key Feminist Texts.

2631 words - 11 pages

The Liberation of Paris, also referred to as the Liberation of France, took place during World War II from the 19th of August 1944 until the surrender of the occupying German army on the 25th of August. The Liberation began with an uprising by the French Resistance against the German troops. The capital of France had been governed by Nazi Germany since the signing of the Second Compiègne Armistice in June 1940, when the German Army occupied northern and westernmost France, and when the puppet regime of Vichy France was established in the town of Vichy in central France.

Nonetheless, it is difficult to define exactly when the Liberation took place because the term ‘Liberation’ has a multitude of meanings: the military operations of the Allied forces which signalled the end of the German occupation of France, the end of the war in Europe and in the World, the return of prisoners of war, deportees and others who had been absent from France during that period, and their reintegration into French society, the re-establishment of a democratic form of government, that not only marked the end of the Vichy regime but also the end of the provisional government of Charles de Gaulle. Therefore it could be argued that the years of the Liberation lasted until the beginning of 1947, when the new Fourth Republic was finally put in place.

It was after this period of Liberation that Charles de Gaulle set about creating a Resistance Myth that covered up the extensive collaboration that had taken place in France; later to be uncovered with the hugely publicised trial of Maurice Papon and the publication of American historian, Robert Paxton’s book that revealed the extent of active collaboration that the Vichy regime was guilty of during the Holocaust. Paxton writes, “the French state, itself, has participated to the politics of the extermination of Jews.” (Paxton, 2001). His book was hugely eye opening. De Gaulle’s Resistance Myth implied that France had been a nation of resisters, fighting against the Nazi occupation when in fact it was only a select, extraordinary few who had played active resistance roles.

This emphasis placed on supposed active resistance led to revelations of women’s efforts during the war and the roles that they had played in the resistance. I believe that it was these revelations that were responsible for the sparking of women’s suffrage in France and as a consequence, led to French women gaining the right to vote in 1944. There is ample evidence that the role women played in the Resistance had a significant impact and this consequently helped to secure their right to vote. It is a great shame that today the vast majority of the French population know little about the surprisingly large role women had to play. I believe that although subtle, their involvement in underground operations was significant. It was after this success in gaining the right to vote that a period of advances in women’s lives took place between 1945 and the late...

Find Another Essay On Evaluate the advances in French women’s lives since 1945. Had equality been achieved by the late 1970s? Include an appreciation of key feminist texts.

Women’s rights in the late 1800’s

1430 words - 6 pages Women’s rights in the late 1800’s A Doll House gives us a true insight into the roles for men and women during the late 1800’s. This is why the play has been said to be able to take place in any and all suburbs. At this point in history, the roles of gender were mainly consistent across the world. Men vs. women in economics, social status, gender rights, marriage and divorce, and occupation can best describe this. During the late 1800’s

To what Extent had the Policy of Collectivisation achieved its aims by 1941?

804 words - 3 pages country was not very rich, Russia still continued to export grain, resulting in even less food for Russia.There was minimal economic success for collectivisation: Stalin had hoped to move agriculture in Russia forward. There was an increase in the use of tractors on farms. In 1913, there had been no tractors, but by 1940 there was 31.6 thousand, though this was a significant increase it was by no means enough to cater for the vast amount of farms

How has your perception of Transformations been illuminated by your comparative study of the prescribed texts?

1104 words - 4 pages gives us an insight into the act of transformation. We see how different times produce different texts.Texts in general have been shaped by the culture and context in which they are produced. "Hamlet", as written in the 1600s, belongs to the Elizabethan Age. Shakespeare has written it as a revenge tragedy, in which an uncertainty and loss of trust in the monarchy is illustrated. In the play, the protagonist, Hamlet, questions his purpose, his very

Evaluate the containment policy in Europe from 1945-1950

520 words - 3 pages Cominform served as a unifier.Militarily, the US used their deterrent of nuclear weapons, including against Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 to alarm the Soviet Union. This, however, was ineffective in containing communism - it did not scare the USSR and make them compliant to the US. Stalin was encouraged by the US bombs on Japan to develop the USSR's own atomic bomb, which did happen in 1949, much to the unease of Americans. Both sides had nuclear

Fashion in the 1970s

725 words - 3 pages and returned to classics that would come to epitomize the look of the 1980s.” (Bondi 199). The disco look was a multicolored shirt put together with a lighter colored pair of bell bottoms. In the late 70s ties were hardly ever worn. Men’s fashion, however, wasn’t as interesting as women’s fashion. Women’s fashion was very flamboyant in the 1970s from the skirts, to the pants, from the pants to jumpsuits. Women of all race had at least one

Economy in the 1970s

623 words - 3 pages was the cover story of the December9th issue and was titled, Gloomy Holidays and worst ahead. This article begins by listing the problems Americans are facing along with the double-digit recession. The treasurer announced it has been the longest recession since the thirties and he “probably “ sees the see the end coming soon although the editor is skeptical of his knowledge. The budget cuts that ford created is happily going through even though

Segregation in the 1970s

1921 words - 8 pages . “Some whites in Byler had been willing to accept a single black cheerleader but thought that two was too many. At the same time, the Nelson students felt they should have had at least three cheerleading slots, since they were half the school now and had supplied key new players for the football team. A black girl and a white girl had gotten into a catfight over it in front of the Rexall” (Walls 127) The first day of school arrived and parents sent

Segregation in the 1970s

1090 words - 4 pages Jeanette Walls’ desire to have had a stable family life as a child. Like Bean and Liz, she too had a neglecting mother who was also poor and traveled a ton. Jeanette Walls gives her audience an inside scoop of her dysfunctional childhood in “The Glass Castle” where she elaborates on her parents’ rashness in raising their children. “In it, she describes a hardscrabble childhood, during which her poverty-stricken parents evaded creditors by

Since the introduction of Dex-cool in 1996, vehicle owners have been plagued with problems

343 words - 2 pages Problems with DexcalSince the introduction of Dex-cool in 1996, vehicle owners have been plagued with problems. The Intention of this project is to provide unbiased information about the use of Dex-cool and problems associated with Dex-cool, to those individuals that need it. The project document is intended for the use of General Motors to guide policy changes and recalls, if deemed necessary.The primary target audience of this project are high

Outline some of the major changes that have taken place in family life since the 1970s and discuss the concerns arising from these changes

2385 words - 10 pages 1945 and 1970'. (Mark Kirby, 2000, pp. 69-70)Another major change that has taken place in family life since the 1970's is the increase in the number of divorces. In 1970 80,000 couples got divorced in the UK, that figure has risen to 125,000 in 2003. (Scott, 2007, p. 466) It is argued that this increase is due to the 1969 Divorce Reform Act which made getting a divorce much easier. Women had more opportunity to work and therefor they were less

To What extent had the Zambian leadership been the source of conflict in the year 1990?

2929 words - 12 pages how the Zambian leadership had been the source of conflict. It starts from the years when it was colonized by the British until the year 1997. But even though it talks about many events, the year 1990 and it events will the focus. It says that "In May 1990, government increased the price of mealie meal, triggering a wave of riots in Lusaka and the Copperbelt." (11). It is saying that the cause of the riots in 1990 was due to the fact that the

Similar Essays

By 1928 All The Essentials Of Democracy Had Been Achieved. Discuss

2157 words - 9 pages "By 1928 all the essentials of Democracy had been achieved. Discuss"Between 1867 and 1928 there was significant progress in the search for a more democratic Britain and although the electoral system was not wholly perfect, the essentials of democracy had been achieved. There were many undemocratic features in the 1850's which led to pressure mounting for reform such as overt voting, not all adult men had the vote; constituencies were very uneven

"Medical Advances Had A Significant Effect On The Home Front In World War One" Evaluate This Statement

1232 words - 5 pages front in the treatment of, for example, orthopedic, burns and sanitation and sterilization procedures.World War One saw a myriad of medical inventions which helped improve the performance of the soldiers on the front line however their impact did not stop there. The medical advances had a significant effect on the home front by creating a need for employment, medical facilities and trained staff in hospitals. The home front felt the burden of

It Is Only Since 1945 That Any Real Progress Has Been Made In Advancing The Rights And Freedoms Of Australian Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islanders.

1253 words - 5 pages Essay Question: It is only since 1945 that any real progress has been made in advancing the rights and freedoms of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.The first real attempt to raise awareness of the lack of equality facing Indigenous Australians, was the Day of Mourning campaign of 1938. Indigenous activist and community members, walked a silent protest to the Australian Hall and this protest took place on Australia day. The Day

The History Of Germany Since 1945

1857 words - 7 pages released in February 2005 showed an unemployment rate of 12.6% of the working age population, or 5.2 million workers, the highest jobless rate since the 1930s," ("Germany", Wikipedia).Other social issues in Germany, namely social welfare and immigration, are standard throughout all of Europe.Through this, it is evident that Germany's history post 1945 is incomparable to that of any other country. The political, social and economical structures between