Evaluate The Idea Of Amehotep 3's Reign As Being A Golden Age

1206 words - 5 pages

Amenhotep's reign as Pharaoh came at a time when all the wars had been won and the empire of Egypt had been established as the most powerful in the known world. "His role was to maintain and protect what already existed" - Kate Cameron. The Idea of a golden age is characterised by peace, prosperity, wealth, confidence, power and stability, of a society or empire, all of which existed within the 38 years of A3's Reign."Amenhotep ruled his empire through diplomacy rather than force." - Pamela BradleyDue to his personal interest in affairs of the state but also in the men he appointed to Administer his empire, the most prominent of which were, Amenhotep son of hapu, Merimose and Sebekhotep. His great royal wife Tiye also had an unquestioned influence on the reign.The economy boomed during A3's reign, Egypt had a steady flow of gold coming in from the gold mines in Sudan, of which the Viceroy of Kush Merimose was in charge, he was a prominent man in administration. Sebekhotep, as overseer of the treasury was in charge of the distribution of that wealth. "Amenhotep surrounded himself with a group of brilliant administrators" - Pamela Bradley. International Trade with the Aegean islands and Nubia and Western Asia helped to diversify the types of precious objects in the nation and established Egypt as an international power to peaceful countries. Tributes to the temples also helped bring in extra wealth for the administration of the empire.Egypt's ability to trade was due mainly to the friendly relations maintained between A3 and the kings of the lands surrounding him as Pamela Bradley notes. As is seen in the Amarna letters. Gift exchanging also occurred between the kings of the local lands. Diplomatic Marriages were used maintain and strength good relationships between the countries, it is a testament to A3's power that his harem was filled with the daughters of the most powerful kings in the east, insert the Babylonian princess whose marriage he announced with scarab bulletins. These peaceful relations allowed trade and his empire in general to flourish.The result of A3's diplomacy in foreign policy was that the land became more cosmopolitan, many traders and settlers came to Egypt, this greatly influenced the types of art the local Egyptians made and also gave a human supply of often very skilled artisans who helped in construction of the fine arts found in A3's great building projects as well as in everyday artisan objects, a love of novelty, nature, and beauty and elegant designs made A3's buildings particularly stunning, and the wealth of the nation meant that there was a vast supply of precious metals and stones.The extent of A3's building programs were an unprecedented occurrence, in that there had never before been buildings programs of such magnitude in both size and number. Particular attention went to Thebes and to Amun-Re. All of the buildings maintained excellence in craftsmanship and were often laced with wealthy materials. Berman states...

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