Evaluate The Impact Of Global Warming On Resources Access And Security In The Arctic Circle.

2194 words - 9 pages

Evaluate The Impact Of Global Warming on Resources Access and Security in The Arctic Circle.Global warming has been the center of attention since the last two centuries. Indeed, we are currently in the 21st Century and global warming has been affecting our earth since the 19th century. This is a term given to the "rise in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans". Not only is this a present problem all around the world, global warming is projected continuation. For this reason, many predictions have been made regarding new energy sources, new energy exploitations sites… This is where the Arctic comes in. Due to Global Warming, the Arctic ice cap has been melting; therefore natural resources in the arctic will become available for future exploitation. The resources that many countries want to get their hands on are oil and gas. These countries are bordering the Arctic Circle: the United States, Canada, Russia, Denmark, and Norway. During the last few years they have been looking to extend their claims to the natural resources present beneath the ice-covered ocean.In this essay, we will first examine the accessibility and the potential oil/gas reserves present in the Arctic Circle. We will then move on to current Arctic tensions between countries that are related to the impending oil and gas exploitations.As you may already know, oil and gas are mostly resources present in Saudi Arabia, Venezuela… Countries that are politically not very stable compared to developed countries. Countries such as China, the United States, and Russia… are trying to find an alternative root instead of depending on oil countries. In other words, they want to depend on their own resources. After discovering that the Arctic Circle was melting and exposing oil, gas and other precious minerals. China, Russia… decided to claim their property on a no mans land. It is a very good opportunity for these high consuming countries. Thus, it has been the center of interest for Arctic and non-arctic countries. By doing this, international balance between major countries could vary depending on who has the most access to these precious resources.We know that the Arctic Circle has a significant amount of gas and oil, but the number remains uncertain. Nevertheless, studies by the USGS (United States Geological Survey) made in 2008 suggest that an equivalent of 90 billion barrels of oil and 1 669 trillion cubic feet of natural gas are to be found in the Arctic. These numbers have varied year to year but have approximately the same message behind it; the Arctic Circle is a new "El Dorado". According to the same study, 13% of the world's undiscovered oil is in the Arctic Circle. This number almost triples when we speak of gas since 30% of the world's undiscovered gas is in the Arctic. We can see here that the Arctic Circle has a pocket full of oil and gas resources. But this doesn't mean it will be all extracted. The exploitation can result to...

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