This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Reign Of Frederick William I & Frederick The Great

1875 words - 8 pages

The Kingdom of Prussia was formally established in 1701 by Elector Frederick III of the Hohenzollern dynasty. He dubbed himself Frederick I calling himself the “King in Prussia” rather than the ‘King of Prussia’ because as subjects of the Holy Roman Empire, only the emperor and his heir could have royal titles.

Disjointedly stretching over 750 miles across the European continent from the Duchy of Prussia that was bordered by the Baltic Sea across to the Hohenzollern dynasties stronghold in Brandenburg. The kingdom of Prussia also included three smaller areas in the Rhineland. These enclaves were known as Ravensberg, Cleves, and Mark.

In 1713, Frederick I died, and his son Frederick William I of Prussia came to reign. Known to many as ‘The Soldier King’, Frederick William is perhaps best remembered for doing much to centralize the Prussian State by introducing taxes on the middle classes and establishing Primary Schools. Frederick also focussed greatly on the rebuilding of Eastern Prussia, who to its detriment had lost almost one third of its population in 1708 due to the bubonic plague.

Although he had inherited a large amount of land from his father, Frederick William I found himself living in a kingdom that was geopolitically vulnerable. With The Russian Empire to the East, The Swedish to the North, The French to the West, and the mighty Hapsburg Austrian Empire to the South He knew that for Prussia to survive, he would need to create a strong and organised military.

He brought together the tallest men from all over Europe to fight in the Potsdam Giants. One of Prussia’s most famed infantries known to the locals as "Lange Kerls.” Made up of over 40,000 mercenaries from all over Europe, they were left them under the tutelage of The King, and Prince Leopold I. A strong disciplinarian who was known for his tactical preference of using infantry brigades instead of cavalries to dictate battles.

Two famous Irishmen fought in the Potsdam Giants, James Kirkland, who was dubbed “The Irish Giant” was over 7 feet tall and came from County Longford, And poet Tomás Ó Caiside, a mercenary from Roscommon who travelled all over Europe following his dismissal from his local Friary for a failed marriage.

Frederick was so passionate about the giants that he is quoted as saying "The most beautiful girl or woman in the world would be a matter of indifference to me, but tall soldiers--they are my weakness." And even though Frederick never waged war, The Potsdam Giants were kept busy on diplomatic journeys, and they trained daily under the inspection of The King.

The militaristic nature of Frederick William I can be confirmed upon learning that he cut back on all other sectors of society to make way for his army, Militarisation spread to all parts of Prussian Society, with a large amount of the population employed either directly or indirectly by the armed forces.

He was known to be a strong, authoritarian, absolutist King, who came from a very Puritanical...

Find Another Essay On The Reign of Frederick William I & Frederick the Great

The Contributions of Frederick Douglas, William Apess, Sarah Margaret Fuller, and Sojourner Truth

1795 words - 7 pages The Contributions of Frederick Douglas, William Apess, Sarah Margaret Fuller, and Sojourner Truth         As has been noted before, when we look at the authors of The Declaration of Independence, we are quite aware that the 'document' was written in the interest of the people who were there. The wealthy, white, landowners make up the Constitution to fit their needs and exclude everyone else. The people most notably left without rights are

Essay on 3 absolute monarchs: Louis XIV, Peter the Great, Frederick the Great

806 words - 3 pages From 1638-1786, there were three absolute monarchs. Louis XIV, the sun king, built a splendid court at Versailles where he looked over the nobles. Peter the Great, the westernizer, changed Russia from a backward country into a great power. Finally, Frederick the Great, the enlightened despot, was full of tolerance and restraint and had good views on government. He improved Prussia many ways.Louis XIV increased his revenue by taxing, improving

How the Enlightenment Influenced Policy Change under Peter the Great and Frederick II

1015 words - 5 pages will compare two major themes between the reign of Peter the Great and Frederick the Great. I will discuss their views on religion and their national religious tolerance. I will then discuss each nation’s rise in power and seek to answer the question; what was the goal of each ruler in the expansion of his state? Russia, under Peter the Great, saw a vast change in religious policy in the beginning of the eighteenth century. It was marked by

African American Slavery in America Portrayed in the Aren´t I a Woman and The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglas

1678 words - 7 pages The lives of the African slave in America were extremely difficult, and really only had a few things that some would consider a part of a normal life. Many faced hardships such as severe physical, verbal, and sexual abuse. The life of a slave was short and many even wished it to be shorter. White’s Ar’n’t I a Woman and Douglass’ The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass detail the lives of many different slaves and help give perspective

Great Civil Rights Activists, Frederick Douglass

1248 words - 5 pages Francis Ishioye Frederick Douglass The great civil rights activist Frederick Douglass was born into slavery on a Maryland Eastern Shore plantation in February 1818. His given name, Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, seemed to portend an unusual life for this son of a field hand and a white man, most likely Douglass's first master, Captain Aaron Anthony. Perhaps Harriet Bailey gave her son such a distinguished name in the hope that his life

William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator & Frederick Douglass' North Star

2606 words - 10 pages White and Black Abolitionists Newspapers Compared: William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator & Frederick Douglass' North Star The abolitionist movement reached its peak between 1830 and 1860. During this period, abolitionists, those who "insisted slavery undermined the freedom, righteousness, order, and prosperity of all society" (McInerney, 8) sought to identify, denounce and abolish this cruel institution using their rights of free speech and

Frederick Douglas and Benjamin Franklin: Two Great Men

1153 words - 5 pages they both managed to make it through those times. This shows that they both had a will to drive and a great amount of perseverance for them to be able to overcome what they did. With that being said I would say that their message for success would deal with never giving up, no matter what the obstacle is you can persevere and you can get through it. Works Cited Douglass, Frederick. “ Narrative of the Life.” The

Comparing Historical Essays About Slavery: comparing writings of John C. Calhoun, George Fitzhugh, Frederick Douglass, and William Craft

1256 words - 5 pages William Craft provide a compelling challenge to these pro-slavery arguments.In Calhoun's essay, "A Defense of Slavery," written in 1837, he states that slavery is the way of life for people, and if it is abolished, society will be destroyed. Calhoun thinks that slaves are happier and better off because of whites and the system of slavery. He says, "there never has yet existed a wealthy and civilized society in which one portion of the community did

The Childhood of Frederick Douglass

894 words - 4 pages "Learning would spoil the best nigger in the world" (78). Words that would serve as an affront to most work to inspire Frederick Douglass. Douglass himself states earlier in his book that the "mere circumstance of being removed from that plantation to Baltimore..." (75) would be the foundation on which he found his freedom, but I see this quote, from a conversation with his master to his wife on the risks involved in educating a black man

How I Learned to Read and Write by Frederick Douglass and Mother Tongue by Amy Tan

1475 words - 6 pages "How I Learned to Read and Write" by Frederick Douglass and" Mother Tongue" by Amy Tan are essays that share a common theme. The theme is opposition and how it is necessary to build strength. In the essay" How I Learned to Read and Write", Frederick Douglass explains that he was born into slavery and faced his own ignorance with a resolve to overcome this challenge. Faced with oppression by the master and mistress of the house, a

The Legacy of Frederick Forsyth

1129 words - 5 pages , and that was probably the first paid job on the planet. I like to think that way back some hunter-gathers were sitting bored around a campfire when one of them suggested: “How about I tell you a story?” So the others liked the story and gave him a rock rabbit, and the first paid author was born. We are still basically exchanging stories for rock rabbits. (Viii Forsyth) This signifies that he does not think of himself as a great author but as a

Similar Essays

Frederick The Great Essay

812 words - 4 pages Frederick II, the Great, overcame the resource limitations within Prussia by mastering three aspects of the western way of war: the ability to finance war, possessing a highly disciplined military, and an aggressive mindset toward achieving quick decisive victory, which established Prussia as a major European power. Frederick II accomplished this feat while being surrounded by powerful neighbors that possessed larger populations, armies, and

Frederick The Great Vs. Peter The Great

485 words - 2 pages In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries Eastern Europe was marked by two powerful and influential rulers. Frederick the great of Prussia and Peter the Great of Russia. The rise of Prussia and the rise of Russia were comparatively similar, yet both had marked differences.Russia, under the reign of the young Tsar Peter, was westernized and modernized almost in the wink of an eye. Peter the Great visited Europe, and worked hard to learn and

Accomplishments And Failures Of Frederick And Catherine The Great

1024 words - 5 pages Frederick II, the Great was the King of Prussia from 1740-1786, he was the successor of his father Frederick William I (Kishlansky, Geary and O'Brien). Catherine the Great was married to Peter III and the Empress of Russia during the years of 1762-1796 (Kishlansky, Geary and O'Brien). Even though they were both leaders that made lasting changes for their countries they had different methods of ruling, making different contributions along with

Enlightened Rulers: Frederick The Great Vs. Joseph Ii

625 words - 3 pages The Scientific Revolution consisted of a time period during which revolutionary ideas dramatically altered the thinking of people. It helped trigger the Enlightenment in which rulers acted in accordance with the advisement of philosophes who believed that everything should be thought of in a rational way that was based off of reason, not faith. Frederick the Great of Prussia and Joseph II of Austria were considered to be Enlightened rulers. By