Benefits Of Physical Activity, Exercise And Sport In Relation To Health
The fourth risk factor for global mortality is physical inactivity, which is roughly 3.2million people each year. Being active plays a defining role in ensuring a state of well being and health is maintained.
Physical activity is beneficial throughout; from childhood to adulthood it has sustained positive health implications. Children are known to have improved concentration levels and lower levels of obesity. Whereas adults seemingly have better mobility, increased muscle density and overall a healthy longer lifestyle. Completing physical activity, whether exercising or in sport is not always straightforward. With this in mind a ‘recommended guideline’ was created which broke down key factors of exercise and timescales you should do.
This guideline focuses on under 5’s all the way up to 65 years and older. It is clear that the expected workloads vary between age barriers, toddlers and babies are should be encouraged to crawl, reach and grab objects. From 5 onwards the guideline pinpoints differing ‘target zones’ to exercise varying from aerobic, muscle-strengthening to bone-strengthening.
Reaching these physical activity targets has a beneficial effect, and is known to lower cholesterol amongst other potential fatal issues like caner.
Exercise helps you maintain or lower weight, being overweight increases lipoprotein within the blood, which is a major factor in heart disease.
The more exercise you partake in the, your body reacts positively by expelling enzymes to break down this protein into bile for digestion.
High levels of lipoprotein within the blood cause high blood pressure, which is a known cause of type two diabetes and numerous cardiovascular diseases, such as strokes and heart attacks. The fats in which lipoproteins carry has a underlying effect narrowing blood vessels in turn causing such health implications. Simply reducing lipoprotein by exercise will greatly reduce all health issues connected.
As previously mentioned physical activity is known to reduce the risk of certain caners. Supporting evidence correlated from research has found that physical activity is linked to help prevent colon caners, breast cancers and womb cancers. The protective effects towards breast cancer range from 20 to 40% whereas colon cancer is 25%, although it could be as much as 50% if a healthy weight is maintained.
Underlying issues relating to weight (being overweight) is seemingly a catalyst for health problems. Were cancer is concerned being overweight has altering effects to men a woman. Woman have increased risks of hormone cancers (breast and womb) whereas men have increased risks of colon / prostate cancers.
Exercise affects chemical balances - It is believed exercise reduces hormones and proteins that are associated growth factors behind breast and colon cancer. It is also clear that exercise reduces stress levels, and even though stress has a tangible link to...