Developmental School Counseling and Pupil Services
In determining schools effective counseling practices, school counselors have a responsibility in showing that their programs are effective. A needs assessment will determine what works and which areas need improvement. Measuring results is crucial in determining success from failure. Evaluating counseling programs holds counselors accountable and allows them to do their work effectively.
The assessment is designed to identify the major issues, concerns and challenges facing students who are being bullied. Particular emphasis is being placed on how these students’ educational needs are being affected as a result of being bullied. The results will be used as follows: (1) to help guide the counseling programs towards developing effective intervention for bullying in schools (2) to examine the nature and causes of bullying (3) to implement bullying policies that outlines consequences and (4) to create a safe environment for students. Victims of bullying often benefit from interventions that are designed to increase their self-esteem which protects them from future bullying (Kaiser & Rasminsky, 2003). Bullying can take many shapes; it can be in the form of hurtful teasing, physical violence, threats, humiliation as well as destruction of student’s personal property. These things can cause students to be unhappy to the point where it affects their academic performance and interest in school. The most effective way of addressing bullying in schools is through a comprehensive school counseling program (Atlas & Pepler, 1998).
The needs assessment will target middle school students. A survey will be given to students in grades 6 through 8. The purpose of targeting this population is to get their views of issues and challenges that they face, and to decide on how to best address the problem. The outcomes of the needs assessment will be discussed with parents, students, teachers and staff, and will serve as a guide in developing a comprehensive program that targets bullying. Bullying can result in serious consequences for students and schools. The National Resource Center for Safe Schools (2001) reported that an estimated 30 percent of children are regularly bullied or involved in bullying. This raises some serious concerns for schools. Engaging in bullying type behavior contributes to having lower achievement and attendance rate, as well as high rate of juvenile crimes (Banks, 2000). Group counseling will be an effective method of targeting bullying. The targeted groups will be allowed to communicate with each other in an attempt to develop a personal connection. Teachers need to be trained in bullying prevention as part of their classroom guidance unit. They need to have good classroom management skills, so that they are able...