Evaluating The Economic, Social And Environmental Impacts Of Building The Aswan Dam

3109 words - 12 pages

Evaluating the Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts of Building the AswanDam

Introduction

At 4,132 miles, the Nile River is the largest river in the world. It
has its origins in Burundi, south of the equator, and flows northward
through Uganda and into Sudan eventually flowing through Egypt and
finally draining into the Mediterranean Sea. From Lake Victoria (its
major source) to the Mediterranean Sea the Nile's river basin has an
area of more than 1,293,049 square miles as shown on map on page 2.

The Blue Nile and the White Nile are the main tributaries which join
together at Khartoum to form the Nile. The flow of the White Nile is
fairly constant but the Blue Nileis affected by monsoon rains in the
Ethiopian Highlands when 2m of rain falls in June. This is reflected
in a huge increase in flow downstream. Egyptian agriculture has been
based on an annual cycle of flooding. The diagram below illustrates
this flow.

"In winter and spring the river was quiet; then, in summer the river
would turn from chalky - white to a red-brown and begin to rise. When
the inundation came, levees were opened to flood the fields, sending
water flowing from one basin to another, saturating the land, flushing
down salts and depositing a veneer of volcanic Ethiopian silt. This
basin irrigation supported one good crop a year."

(A modern Lake Moeris: Wadi Rayan by Gregory Baecher.)"

The River's water and the fertile soil along its banks created the
perfect setting for the evolution of the civilisations that existed in
the ancient world. Ancient peoples lived along the Nile's banks and
cultivated the art of agriculture As the Nile was so significant to
the way the ancient people went about everyday life, many statues and
monuments were built to mark its importance. The most famous of these
are the Pyramids but the tombs of Nubian Kings were constructed all
along the length of the Nile.

Throughout the year, temperatures are high -between 25 and 35 degrees
Centigrade. The Nile serves as a constant source of water and this
enables farming along its banks. The high temperatures evaporate much
of the water and with high rates of evapotranspiration - irrigation is
necessary. In addition to its vital role to agriculture, its waterways
also play a major role in transportation. During seasonal flooding it
enables transportation to those areas where road access is not
possible.

The Nile is not only of great importance to support many incomes
across Africa but is of great strategic importance as it is a gateway
to Africa.

The Aswan Dam

"The High Dam is the greatest project on the River Nile. It is one of
the major national projects of the 20th century by virtue of its
impact on irrigation, agriculture and industry in Egypt."

Egypt StateInformation Service

The runoff...

Find Another Essay On Evaluating the Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts of Building the AswanDam

What are the Social, Political, and Economic Impacts of Industrialization?

687 words - 3 pages After the Civil War, the United States had a total transformation. The country used to be mainly agricultural, but by the late 1800’s it became the world's leading industrial nation. Railroads and new inventions emerged rapidly along with big businesses. Huge corporations controlled the economy and a large amount of job opportunities emerged. Sadly, workers were mistreated and the workplace was a dangerous place to be, but that did not stop

The impact of world war one on the homefront - social, political and economic impacts

1561 words - 6 pages The First World War impacted significantly on the homefronts of the participating nations in many different social, political and economic areas. There was a widespread restructuring of primary industry with a large orientation towards militarism. There was massive political change where new systems of power were introduced that gave governments a range of new powers including the control over industry. The civilian population had severe

The Economic Impacts of Obamacare

1708 words - 7 pages health insurance from their employers. While this sounds like a winning concept, many take issue with not only how the government is planning on financing it (through an increase in taxes), but the potential economic impacts on both companies and private individuals. IV. Economic Elements and Implications of the ACA The Affordable Care Act affects everyone; from the lone individual, to the large corporation, to the economy in general. We will now

Cutrural and Social Impacts of the Internet

1414 words - 6 pages the University of Twente gives us a look at advantages and disadvantages of the internet in his essay ‘Evaluating the Social and Cultural Implications of the Internet’. His general advantages are as stated above; from communication to education and so forth. Brey also gives us examples of disadvantages of the internet. He states that the internet can contain false information and even harmful information. Due to this overwhelming amount of

An examination of the current management practices adopted in the park, considering the issues and how they impact on Noosa National Park, impacts on econimcal, environmental, social

855 words - 3 pages practices adopted in the park, consider the issues and how they impact on Noosa National Park. Issues need to be addressed and to determine how to best sustain the park for further future use. Using environmental, economic and social implications to determine an appropriate cause of action and choosing a management plan that would best manage this resource.1.0 IntroductionNoosa National Park is a beautiful protected nature strip that is

Economic Analysis of the Home Building Industry

4262 words - 17 pages considered to be a leading economic indicator. One house or one apartment is considered one housing start. A building with 150 apartments would be counted as 150 housing starts. A decline in the housing start data may reflect a slow down of the economy. The housing start data is collected from applications and permits for home building every season. Recent figures posted show that housing starts for April, May, and June were 2,027; 2,004; and

Social and Economic Considerations of Human-Environmental Dynamics

1402 words - 6 pages economic differential power. Power is relative and the crux of the matter lies in the adverse use, abuse, availability and access of power, in order to make sense of the environmental issues related to power, we have to look at critical social theories, where power is seen as a hierarchy, exploiting and feeding self-interests. Those that possess the power to initiate change seek to create such a change which will only provide the means to

Impacts of the Disappearance of Social Security

2268 words - 9 pages employee and they are based on things such as the number of years the employee works and the salary that they earn. Chuck Blahous, a former Senior Fellow at Hudson Institute who specialized in domestic economic policy, says that “the acceleration of Social Security’s difficulties is leaving egg on many a face- not only those of the most vocal problem-deniers, but on those of other forecasters as well” (27). Some people refuse to believe that Social

The Negative Impacts of Social Media

2532 words - 10 pages The use of social networking sites is rising at great rates. According to a report conducted by the Pew Internet & American Life Project in 2012, ninety-five percent of individuals aged 12-17 use the internet; and eighty-one percent of those use social network sites (Pew Interest). Although it is known that social media can have a useful impact on lives, often times people forget that with a positive comes a negative. The continual use of social

The Economic Impacts of Budget Cuts to the CSU and UC Systems

1253 words - 5 pages This paper will focus on the economic impacts of the policy decision by California Governor Brown to decrease funding of the California State University and University of California systems by way of looking at the impact on the economy of less college graduates. I will do this by looking at two variables. I will first look at the multiplier effect of the state putting money into the California State University system and what will happen as a

Environmental Impacts: Production of Iron and Steel

2148 words - 9 pages are not carbon neutral, the BOF uses carbon in coke production which emits gases like cyanide, phenol and carbon monoxide and various other pollutants in the coke oven. Whilst the EAF uses carbon in its energy generation producing greenhouse gases like methane and carbon monoxide, what is common is a production of carbon monoxide. It seems unavoidable to not create these carbon-based pollutants. Impacts The toxicities that are perceived when

Similar Essays

Tourism's Economic Benefits Are Well Known, But Concern Has Been Rising Over Its Environmental And Social Impacts: Cyprus

3139 words - 13 pages Tourism's economic benefits are well known, but concern has been rising over its environmental and social impacts. Using a destination of your choice as a case study, show how these impacts have changed in the past and how policy makers and managers have responded to these changes.Tourism has had a profound and irreversible impact on many destinations worldwide. As the demand to travel to these destinations increases, there is an unrelenting

Economic And Social Impacts Of The Olympics

1921 words - 8 pages after the years. The after plan was a perfect success. The grand buildings have been transposed into revenue magnets and even a light to the lower parts of the city. The Olympic stadium had some thought put into it before it was even built. They created the building in a way that it was able to be transformed into what is the current Atlanta Braves stadium. Georgia Tech University took over the aquatics center and the Olympic Village. They were

The Economic And Social Impacts Of The Oklahoma City Thunder

1121 words - 4 pages Oklahoma City didn’t have as much pull with jobs or attractions. Now we’re really building all that.” (Guarini 1) Along with all of these positive economic and social effects there have also been a few negative effects. As part of the negotiations to relocate the team to Oklahoma City there was a deal made that there will be no sales tax charged on ticket sales. Between 2009 and 2012 with the total ticket sales and at a 8.75 percent sales tax rate it

The Social And Economic Impacts Of The Black Plague

1810 words - 7 pages The Black Death is considered to be "the most severe epidemic in human history" that decimated Europe from 1347 to 1351 (Witowski). Not only did the Black Death depopulate Europe, but it also had long lasting social and economic effects as well. The social effects consisting of culture, morals, values, and social norms. The economic effects consisting of labor, payment, and the foundation of feudalism. However one would call it, the Bubonic