Self-report has always been one the easiest ways to gain insight of a person’s personality. These test can range from quizzes filled out online that tell you which pop star is your personality twin to standardized tests requiring a certified test user. Some of the most popular and highly researched tests have been the MMPI and its successors. The MMPI, created by Stark R. Hathaway and John Charneley McKinley, was the first step towards the MMPI-2-RF. The MMPI was firstly created to test individuals who were 14 years old and older. Throughout the years, the MMPI has through a lot of changes, evolving into three tests used today: MMPI-2, MMPI-A, and MMPI-2-RF (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2013).
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form, or more commonly known as the MMPI-2-RF, is used to assess various components of personality and psychopathology (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2013). Developed by Yossef S. Ben-Porath, PhD, and Auke Tellegen, PhD, the MMPI-2-RF is a recently developed version of the MMPI-2 originally published 1943 by the University of Minnesota Press and distributed by Pearson Assessment. The University of Minnesota Press published the latest version of the MMPI-2, the MMPI-2-RF, in 2008. The MMPI-2-RF is comprised of 338 True-False items, typically taking 35-50 minutes to complete although there is no time limit. The MMPI-2-RF has different prices depending on which scoring and reporting option one chooses. The different kits available and its prices are the following: Q-global™ Web-based Scoring and Reporting ($175.00 - $230.00), Q-Local™ Software-based Scoring and Reporting (($175.00 - $230.00), Manual Scoring ($459.00), and Mail-in Scoring and Reporting ($175.00 - $235.00). Additional manuals, administration materials, and reports are available for individual purchases. The MMPI-2-RF is readily available for purchase in English although the University of Minnesota Press is currently developing translations of the MMPI-2-RF; the available translations are French, Italian, Korean, and Spanish for Spain, South America, and Central America. In order to purchase the MMPI-2-RF, one must have a qualification of level C. Only those who are qualified test users or trained assistants working under the supervision of a qualified user may administer the MMPI-2-RF (Minnesota Multiphasic, n.d.).
Depending on which type of kit one selects, the test content will vary. For example, the Q-global™ Web-based Scoring and Reporting MMPI-2-RF Interpretive Report Starter Kit includes the following: MMPI-2-RF administration and technical manuals, MMPI-2-RF User’s Guide for Reports, 1 soft cover test booklet, 3 answer sheets, and 3 Q-global administrations. On the other hand, the Manual Scoring MMPI-2-RF Starter Kit with Softcover Booklets includes the following: administration and technical manuals, 25 answer sheets, all 5 sets of profile forms, and all 5 sets of answer keys, and 5 softcover test...