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Evaluation Of The Battle Of The Somme

1941 words - 8 pages

Evaluation of the Battle of the Somme

World War 1 started in 1914 and lasted for four years. There were many
causes for the World War and many thought it been coming for a very
long time. There was a growing tension between France and Germany over
land and border lines. Also, Kaiser Wilhelm, theGerman leader, wanted
to prove how powerful he thought the Germans were. But, the
assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand is what many historians
believe to have started the war. On the 28th July 1914,
Austria-Hungary declared war on the Serbs. Because of a complicated
alliance system, this declare of war lead to a World War between
Britain, France and Russia against Italy, Germany and Austria-Hungary.

Because of Britains inclusion in the war, Lord KItchener, Secretary of
War, set up a recruitment campaign. Conscription was not introduced
until 1916, so, a
successful recruitment was essential. Lord Kitchener was very
successful in his campaign. He introduced many posters, patriotic
songs were sung when recruitment took place at meetings in village
halls and town squares and men were encouraged to sign up there and
then, he used emotional blackmail to get people to enlist. by march
1916 over two and a half million men volunteered.This creation was
very successful in it self and many recruits felt more at home joining
up with their friends. In 1916, one of the biggest battles in the
history of British Military history started. This battle was named The
Battle of the Somme, named this because the region the battle took
place was called the Somme. There were many reasons for basing the
attack there.The most important reason was to relieve pressure of the
French who were being attacked at Verdun. The Germans were very close
to breaking through the French lines so Britain had to act quick and
attack Germans from a different angle. The French and British had
planned for a joined attack on the Germans but the French had to
defend there land at Verdun so it was
mainly the British which attacked at the Somme. At first the region of
the Somme seemed perfect for the attack to take place but, it soon
turned out to be one of the worst.

The region of the Somme was very hilly and the British based
themselves at the bottom of a very big hill. At the time they did not
realise they had done this. Only later on in the battle they realised
how badly they had placed themselves and infact the Germans had a
perfect view of the British movement.

On the German side they had built much better trenches. They believed
that they would be in their trenches for a very long time and so built
their trenches with very deep and strong dugouts. These were far more
advanced trenches than the British and the trenches played a major
role in the battle.

For many weeks both sides battled but before long they...

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