In 1787 the Northwest Ordinance was passed. It helped form new states and governed them. Then the confederate government had almost no control. The United States went into a depression, farmers had their land taken away, shays rebellion came, and slavery became a topic of debate. This led to the constitutional convention. Many plans were proposed, but only compromises were accepted. Two important compromises were the Great Compromise, and the three-fifths compromise. The Great Compromise made a two house legislature, and the three-fifths compromise made slaves count as three-fifths of a free person when counting population. During the convention they also agreed that congress couldn’t interfere with slavery until 1808. They also rejected George Mason’s Bill of Rights. Even though there was no Bill of Rights, nine out of thirteen states approved the new government. This was a cause of the Civil War, because it began to allow more slave trade. It also caused many differences to arise between the north and the south.
The first census of the U.S. showed a population of four million. During the 1800’s there were many improvements. There were roads, turnpikes, river travel, steamboats, and canals. With these advancements, westward movement grew. In 1820 the U.S.’s population reached 9.6 million. This was a cause of the Civil War because it made more states, which in return made an uneven amount of slave and free states. This eventually led the South to secede from the Union.
Many slaves were known to rebel against their masters. Nat Turner was a well known religious teacher who believed he should stop slavery, and he even taught himself to read and write. Since he wanted to help end slavery he rebelled with a group of slaves and killed every white on his path. Before he was captured he killed a total of 55 whites. After he was captured he was hung. This act frightened the South. This was a cause of the Civil War because it put fear into the southerners, and showed them how rebellious their own slaves were against them. Since they were so rare it made them even more frightened. This even led to the passing of harder slave codes.
After the Cotton Gin was invented the demand for slaves grew rapidly. Many northerners became abolitionists. William Lloyd Garrison was an abolitionist, and he founded his own newspaper called “The Liberator”. This was a cause of the Civil War because the North and South were already divided, but the slavery issue continued to spread them further and further apart.
After the Missouri Compromise was made, more conflict arose. New territories were beginning to fight over the issue of slavery. These territories included Texas, New Mexico, and California. After James Polk became president he annexed Texas, and it became a state. This was a cause of the Civil War because it caused was the war with Mexico, which as a result led to the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise of 1850 made...