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Everglades National Park Essay

1390 words - 6 pages

In today's growing world, the preservation of species is needed to protect them from extinction. As we continue to grow, more area is used and less wild land is left behind. This makes it harder to support the vast species of both animals and plants all across the world. But thanks to the United States, the government has been working to protect these species. The largest home to the most eclectic group of species in the world is the Everglades National Park. What types of plants and animals are located here? What are we doing to protect the area? What are the problems the Everglades are facing?The Everglades National Park was established on December 6, 1947 under the May 1934 Act of Congress. The park was designated an International Biosphere Reserve on October 26, 1976 (Wikipedia, 2007). Biosphere Reserve was designed to meet one of the most difficult challenges in the world today. They are trying to maintain and conserve the diversity of plants, animals and micro-organisms which make up our living biosphere while at the same time meeting the material needs of an increasing population. To do this, each Biosphere Reserve is intended to fulfill three basic functions: 1) conservation of important biological resources; 2) development of environmentally sound economic growth; and 3) support for research, monitoring, education, and information exchange related to conservation issues. The park was then designated a Wetland of International Significance in 1987. The Everglades National Park is the largest of its kind covering 1.5 million acres (Molloy, 2007). The park is located on the southern tip of the Florida peninsula, along the Gulf of Mexico (UNESCO, 2007). The park is surrounded by the urban and agricultural areas of Miami, Homestead, and Florida City to the east. The Florida Straits and Florida Keys are to the south. To the north is the Big Cypress National Preserve. Located on state road 9336 you will first come to the Earnest F. Coe Visitor Center, the park headquarters. Continuing about four miles further you will then come to the Royal Palm Visitor Center. As you continue on state road 9336, you will then come to Pahayokee Overlook, which is a raised observation platform that overlooks the park to the north. At the very end of state road 9336 you will come to Flamingo Visitor Center, the farthest south visitor center in the park. Throughout the park there are several prominent camping areas and trails for exploring. The highest point in the park is only eight feet from sea level and the lowest is at sea level. The majority of the park is made up of wetlands. The climate is mild and pleasant from December through April, though rare cold fronts may create near freezing conditions. The average temperature in winter is high of 77^oF and low is 53^oF. The summers are hot and humid, with temperatures around 90^oF and humidity over 90% (National Park Service, 2007).Within the Everglades National Park there are thousands of species. The vegetation...

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