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Everything About Diabetes 1st, 2nd And Gestational.

920 words - 4 pages

Diabetes is a disease that causes an abnormally high level of sugar, or glucose, to build up in the blood. Diabetes also is caused by a shortage or improper use of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by specialized cells(bets cells) in the pancreas. It is then released into the blood stream. Insulin is required to allow glucose (sugar) to enter the cells in the body to be used for energy. Seventeen million Americans have diabetes. A third of people with diabetes don't know they have it. If you don't take care of it, diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney problems, heart problems, wounds that don't heal, and impotence in men.There are 3 types of diabetes Type 1, Type 2, and gestational. Type 1 is also known as Juvenile onset or Insulin Dependent Diabetes. People who have Type 1 Diabetes are born with it and can start to see symptoms as a child thus giving the name Juvenile Diabetes. Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are caused when glucose blocked from entering the body's cells instead builds up in the blood. The symptoms usually develop quickly, over a few hours . A person with undiagnosed Type 1 Diabetes may appear quit ill and complain of increased thirst, urination, and appetite as well as weight loss. If these symptoms are not treated quickly, a condition known as ketoacidiosis can develop and lead to a dangerously high level of acid in the body, the result of the body's inability to use glucose for energy. The pancreas of a person with Type 1 diabetes produces no insulin, so the cells are unable to convert blood glucose into energy. Type 1 Diabetes is relatively rare , affecting less then 1% of the population and accounting for about 10% of all people with diabetes. This Diabetes occurs only about half as often in darker skinned people then in lighter skinned people.Unlike people with Type 1 Diabetes, people with Type 2 Diabetes produce insulin. However the insulin their pancreas produces is either not enough or the body is unable to recognize the insulin and use it properly. When there isn't enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose cant get into the body's cells. Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes affecting almost 16 million Americans. While over 91% of these cases can be prevented, it remains the leading cause of related complications such as blindness, non traumatic amputations and chronic kidney failure requiring dialysis. Type 2 diabetes usually starts in people over age 40 that are overweight, but can occur in people who are not over weight. It is also known as Adult Onset Diabetes, Type 2 diabetes has also started to appear in children because of the rise in obesity in younger people. Some people who have Type 2 diabetes can control it by watching their weight, watching their diet and exercising regularly. Others may also need to take a pill that helps...

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