Everything About Kidney's. Essay

1391 words - 6 pages

Inside the body the main organs that excrete nitrogen wastes are the kidneys. When something goes wrong inside the kidney your body may be in risk of a many very serious problems. Today more than 20 million Americans, one in 9 adults, have chronic kidney disease, more than 20 million others are at increased risk. Kidney disease is one of the costliest illnesses in the U.S. today. More than 70,000 Americans die each year because of kidney disease. At the moment more than 50,000 patients are waiting for kidney transplants, but only about 14,000 will receive transplants this year because of a shortage of suitable organ donors. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of chronic kidney failure, accounting for 44 percent of the new cases each year and 35 percent of all cases in the U.S. Uncontrolled or poorly controlled high blood pressure is the second leading cause of chronic kidney failure in the U.S., accounting for about 23 percent of U.S. cases. Each year, over 1 million physician visits and more than 300,000 hospitalizations in the U.S. resulted from kidney stones. An estimated million older Americans suffer from this problem.Today millions kidney disease foundations have been founded all to try and prevent and stop kidney diseases. All donate millions to learn more and more about kidney diseases. By learning more, people are able to have more choices for treatments. The three main types of treatment are hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantation. All of these treatments save thousands of lives each day. For each treatment there are good and bad parts to them. To decide a treatment one should talk with their doctor for the best result.Hemodialysis is a procedure that cleans and filters your blood. It helps your body get rid of harmful wastes and extra salt and fluids, it also controls blood pressure and helps your body keep the proper balance of chemicals. Hemodialysis uses a dialyzer, or special filter, to clean your blood. The dialyzer connects to a machine. During treatment, your blood travels through tubes into the dialyzer. The dialyzer filters out wastes and extra fluids. Next the newly cleaned blood flows through another set of tubes and back into your body. Before a first treatment, an access to your bloodstream must be made. The access provides a way for blood to be carried from your body to the dialysis machine and then back into your body. The access can be internal or external. Hemodialysis can be done at home or at a center. Hemodialysis usually is done three times a week. Each treatment lasts from 3 to 5 hours. During treatment people can read, write, sleep, talk, or watch TV. Side effects can be caused by rapid changes in your body's fluid and chemical balance during treatment. Muscle cramps and hypotension are two common side effects. Hypotension, a sudden drop in blood pressure, can make you feel weak, dizzy, or sick to your stomach, it usually takes a few months to adjust to hemodialysis. Side effects can be...

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