Everything You Need To Know About Strokes
What is a Stroke? A stroke is an interruption of the blood flow to the brain. When the blood supply to a part of the brain is restricted or cut off, the affected brain cells can die. This is why it is imperative to be treated for a stroke as soon as possible. The longer you wait to be treated the more damage to the brain occurs. There are 2 types of stroke, ischemic and hemorrhagic.
Ischemic Stroke- This type occurs when a blood vessel in the brain forms a clot that cuts off blood flow to cells. It Accounts for 80% of all strokes.
Hemorrhagic Stroke- This type occurs when a weakened blood vessel in the brain bursts. When this happens, surrounding brain tissue can become damaged. Hemorrhagic strokes are the most serious type of stroke.
High Blood Pressure- High blood pressure is the greatest risk factor for strokes. Taking medications, cutting back on salt and exercising are good ways to reduce blood pressure.
Smoking- Smoking doubles your risk of stroke.
Diabetes- Diabetes also doubles your risk of stroke. This is because many of the risk factors for diabetes are the same a stroke, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
High Cholesterol- High cholesterol greatly increases your risk for stroke. Contact your physician and discuss controlling your cholesterol by making changes to your diet.
Diet and Exercise- Eating healthy and getting the proper exercise greatly reduces your cholesterol and blood pressure thus decreasing your risk for stroke.
Cardiovascular Disease- If you have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease and have narrowed or blocked arteries in one part of the body, chances are other arteries are narrowed or blocked with plaque, too. The Brain just like the heart is susceptible to being cut off from the blood it needs.
Heart Disease- The presence of heart disease and atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke. The fast and irregular heartbeat of atrial fibrillation can cause blood to pool and thus clot in the heart. This increases the possibly of the clot breaking loose and travelling to the brain, causing a stroke. If you have heart disease, speak with your physician about what you can do to prevent stroke.
Sickle Cell Disease- People who inherit sickle cell disease are at higher risk for stroke. Blood cells affected by the disease are stickier and can attach to the walls, and the possibility arises that it will block the arteries that supply blood to the brain. While there’s no cure for this disease, there are some treatment options for reducing symptoms and complications.
Age- People of any age can have a stroke, this...