According to APA (2005), "evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP) is the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences."
The evidence based practice process has five steps as outlined by EBBP.org:
1. Ask important questions about the care of individuals, communities, or populations.
2. Acquire the best available evidence regarding the question.
3. Critically appraise the evidence for validity and applicability to the problem at hand.
4. Apply the evidence by engaging in collaborative health decision-making with the affected individual(s) and/or group(s). Appropriate decision-making integrates the ...view middle of the document...
Another APA Ethics Code Standard promoting the ideas outline by EBP principles is Standard 9. Assessment. Similar to EBP, this standard calls upon psychologists to base their assessments on verified scientific knowledge and research. Only such practice can guarantee the validity of assessments and of the conclusions drawn from them. This standard, in turn, is directly related to Principle A: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence and Principle B: Fidelity and Responsibility.
Another important aspect of EBP is taking into account the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences. In other words, tailoring the approach to a specific individual or a group. APA Ethics Code promotes the same awareness in Principle E: Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity. The application of this principle in EBP context would mean having increased sensitivity to whether best research evidence obtained is applicable to the specific individual or a group being treated.
EBP methods coincide with PA Ethics Code Principles and Standards and are supposed to promote improved patient outcomes.
Before starting online research for this paper, my opinion was that EBP in the field of I/O psychology is well developed since it is easier in organizational context to streamline processes and measure outcomes. I was surprised to learn that the practice is very limited there comparison to other professions (Briner & Rousseau, 2011). It is...