Russia, the largest nation in the world according to geographic terms is a country located in northern Asia, bordered by fourteen other countries (Kurian, 1), is one of the most powerful countries in the world. Besides military power, how did it get that way? The answer is simply, geography. Many people overlook the fact that geography has greatly influenced Russia’s power.
Geography’s influence of Russian power starts in 1547 with Ivan IV, otherwise known as Ivan the Terrible, under his rule, Russian power extended to the Arctic Ocean and to the Urals. Russian fur trappers, hunters, and pioneers went east into Siberia and by 1637 explores had reached the Pacific coasts (Sager and ...view middle of the document...
Had Russia taken control over the region, it would have become more powerful because of the fur trading enterprise, boosting its economic powers (Hobbs, 164). If Russia had taken over that River, it could have blocked Mongolians and Chinese from having access to the river. Meaning no transportation of goods, people, or other objects, from that area. Russia, in a sense, would have partial control of Mongolia and China, had it gained full control of the river. Rivers are an essential part of Russian geography.
The Volga River was used for hydroelectric power and water for irrigation. It has been viewed as Russia’s most important internal waterway. Other than hydroelectric power and irrigation water, the river was used for passengers on touring ships. Under the power of the Soviets, this river become an important element of economic development due to its many uses (Hobbs, 160). Although the nation has thousands of lakes and rivers, the area is unsuitable for agriculture, but it does contain an enormous quantity of natural resources (Kurian, 1).
Because of the location of the large nation, Russia is able to produce almost 20 percent of the world’s oil and natural gas and contains the world’s largest natural gas reserves (Kurian, 1). There are also enormous reserves of iron ore, chromium, tin, nickel, copper, lead, tungsten, diamonds, phosphates, and gold (Kurian, 1). Also 22 percent of the world’s forests are in Russia, accounting for almost one-fifth of the world’s timber (Kurian, 1). In these well-endowed regions of Russia, large amounts of plants and animals can be found.
In the Russian Steppe and the Great Steppe, many animals can be found (Kurian, 1). About 11,000 species of vascular plants, 320 species of mammals, 730 species of birds, 75 species of reptiles, 30 species of amphibians, 400 species of sea fish, and 270 species of freshwater fish (Kurian, 1).
The vast water systems and flora and fauna of the region contribute to Russia’s boasting of having of one of the largest economies in the word, but it has not always been this way (Kurian, 1). Geography helped keep Russia afloat when its stock market crashed. Because of the...