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Evolution Of Computer Technology And Operating Systems

1971 words - 8 pages

The personal computer underwent drastic changes with the introduction to advanced computing software and hardware. The evolution of computers did not develop on its own; key influential figures such as Steve Jobs and Bill Gates led the revolution of technology. These well-known individuals competed with each other by continually innovating and creating more and more advanced technology. Computer technology moved forward when Intel created 64-bit technology and advanced kernels to compliment the upgrade in processing power. Not only is the evolution of computer technology in itself relevant for modern study, but the adoption of computers for use in other fields of study, such as engineering and architecture, was produced through this revolution. The evolution of a simple concept expanded the proficiencies of the personal computer due to competition between companies at an attempt to control the market. Through fighting each other for dominance over which company was the best, computer companies changed the way society interacted with each other and implemented the personal computer into other forms of study such as Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM); this was made possible because of the development of computer hardware and software. The greatest contribution to the innovation of the personal computer was not changed by a single person, but was byproduct of competitors in the technology world. The most recognized battle between companies over innovation in technology would be Apple verses Microsoft.

Since the development of the first personal computer, Apple and Microsoft have been fighting over dominance of the market to computers. Microsoft’s “Windows operating system (OS) is the most widely used OS in the world”, but along with the popularity came suspicion from the government’s officials (World of Computer Science 2). Beating out every other company in personal computer sales, the suspicion that Microsoft was creating a monopoly on the personal computer market began to arise, and the government decided to take action (Contemporary Heroes and Heroines 19). This caused a stunt in the growth of operating systems, but luckily Apple began to progress in their operating system design. The market was eventually divided between the two parties, and this created a rivalry between the two companies. Apple’s software was less popular and only on the devices they provided, so the market leaned towards Microsoft, simply because of quantity. Nearly 90% of the computers in a home would be running Windows, the operating system Microsoft created. The two companies began researching on better hardware and software that would allow their products to be better than other competing companies. The introduction to multithreading, which is the ability of a program or an operating system to manage multiple requests at the same time, upgraded the efficiency of computing by an astronomical amount. These systems were originally created in a 32-bit...

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