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Evolution Vs. Intelligent Design In Public Schools

1520 words - 6 pages

Evolution is the theory that different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed from earlier forms during the history of the earth. In 1986 the supreme court mandated that evolution was to be taught in the public school system. It was also at this time that intelligent design was banned from being taught in public schools because it was determined that it was a violation of the 1st amendment because it would favor a certain religion (Lac, Hemovich, Himelfarb 2009). Intelligent design is the theory that life, or the universe could not have arisen by chance and was designed and created by some intelligent entity. Intelligent design should be allowed to be taught as an alternative theory in science classes in public schools.
Evolution is a Religion
In the Websters dictionary the definition of religion is, "something someone believes in and follows devotedly." Another definition found in Webster's dictionary is the definition of "belief." Belief is confidence in the truth or existence of something not immediately susceptible to rigorous proof. Science is knowledge that is gained through observation and experimentation. Evolution is a belief because it not testable, observable or repeatable. People must have a certain amount of faith to accept the theory of evolution. The same goes for intelligent design. People must have a certain amount of faith to be live in it (Marjorie 2001). Since evolution is then a belief that people must solely have faith in to believe, it could be categorized as a religion. Public schools are violating the 1st amendment of freedom of religion by only teaching evolution. The origin of life still needs to be taught in science classes so another alternative should be taught in schools. The students should be able to determine for themselves what theory they believe to be true (Wellman 2012).
Intelligent Design is a Science
Many people question whether intelligent design can be considered science or if it is able to follow the scientific method. The scientific method is a four-step process that involves observation, hypothesis, experiment, and conclusion. Intelligent design is observed by Complex and Specific Information or CSI. Scientists hypothesize that if something is intelligently designed it will have large quantities of CSI. Intelligent design is testable through natural objects such as the human cell or even a strand of DNA. The complexity of these things are just two examples of CSI occurring (Le Beau 2007). By these steps scientists are able to conclude the theory of intelligent design through CSI. The National Academy of Science says that for something to be a science it must have confirmable data. They also agree that evolution is a science, yet there's no confirmable data. It's only a theory. The NAS also disagrees with the concept of intelligent design and states that it is not a science (ADL, 2012). However, intelligent design follows the scientific method even if it's just a theory.
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