How Can Aggression Be Reduced? Essay

2099 words - 8 pages

How can aggression be reduced? Critically discuss in relation to theories of aggressionIntroductionIn this social psychology essay I will be breaching the subject of 'can aggression be reduced?' However instead of simply relating this to all forms of aggression, my main focus will be solely on childhood aggression.This is a particularly important question, not only within the psychological community but also within everyday life. If it is possible to tackle the stem of the problem within children then it is likely not to get out hand as they grow up to be functional members of society. Initially we must first define what people think and categorise as 'Aggression'. Aggression is "a response that delivers a noxious stimuli to another organism" (Buss 1961, P28)Paragraph 1: ModellingThe afore mentioned definition is simply one of many, however, it is the most applicable definition in relation to childhood aggression. Other definitions explain it is only aggressive if there was a malicious intent, a subject which is debatable in small children as how to you measure or identify if a small child had malicious intentions.A possible explanation of childhood aggression could be through the process of modelling, a process that holds it's focus in social psychology and explains that when we see our role models or simply people who we look up to slightly act in a certain way we will imitate that behaviour in order to be more like them.This theory has experiments that could be linked with an example of this is the Bandura, Ross and Ross (1961) experiment the Bobo doll experiment.This experiment was conducted in order to establish if children witnessed aggression by an adult they would imitate this aggressive behaviour when given the opportunity. The experiment it's self was conducted on 72 aged 3-6 children with 36 of each gender to allow for generalisability across both genders.In this experiment there was 3 stages and 3 conditions in the 1 st condition
Stage 1, modelling: 3 conditions. Condition 1, 24 children shown an aggressive model playing with a aggressive toys. Condition 2 was a non aggressive model in which the next set of 24 children where showed a model playing passively and nicely with non-aggressive toys and condition 3 was simple a control group it used the last set of 24 children and simply allowed them to play with all of the toys aggressive and non-aggressive toys without watching a model before hand.

Stage 2, aggression arousal : in this stage each child was taken into a room with an experiment filled with exciting toys one at a time and once the child started playing with the toys the experimenter taken the toy from them and say it was his favourite toy and he is saving it for other children to play with and then moved the child into the next room

stage 3, test for delayed imitation: when the children arrived in this room they where left for 20 minutes to play with the toys that where in the room and watched through a one way mirror in...

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