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How Civil Society Can Help: Sweatshop Workers As Globalization’s Consequence

856 words - 3 pages

How Civil Society Can Help: Sweatshop Workers as Globalization's ConsequenceARTICLE # 32:How Civil Society Can Help: Sweatshop Workers as Globalization's ConsequenceStudent: Trang M.NguyenEmail: trangnm103@gmail.comProfessor: Dr. Syed Tariq AnwarSeminar in International Business and Marketing StrategySpring SemesterSummary of the articleThe article "How Civil Society Can Help: Sweatshop Workers as Globalization's Consequence" was wrote by Jeff Ballinger, who is Director of Press for Change. The article starts from Prato in Italia, where has a lot of sweatshops. In there, the workers, almost are Chinese, have to work in long hours with little pay or no pay. The situation in Prato is not only about worker migration, it is also about globalization. The author list some questions and myths which are related to his topic of globalization. For example, the question is: "has globalization turned good companies bad?" The myth is: if the global brands do not strictly monitor their supply chains, conscientious consumers will punish the company for unethical practices at the retail level. However, in reality, consumers do not care so much about worker's rights, so the company will be safe unless they do something horrible or despicable. Then, the author discusses about globalization. Before globalization, most companies were vertically-integrated, in other words, they design, production, and marketing all took place in one country. Then, the outsourcing created the global supply-chain. The companies do it because they can reduce the cost by paying foreign workers less. Because sending workers abroad to rich country is good for poor country, many countries do it, such as Egypt, the Philippines, Bangladesh, then Taiwan, South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam. But there it also establishes an issue which is called "indentured servitude". For example, in Taiwan in 2003, a "perfect storm" has created: fees of contract-labor are triple higher than laws allow; demand for workers increases, goes with immunity for brokers. Another benefit of globalization is to allow small civil society organizations to help workers abroad. One such group is the Committee to Protest Viet Workers (CPVW). It helped Vietnamese workers who returned from Malaysia got back $2,000 each as restitution. The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) grew quickly to deal with sweatshop from 28 articles in the decade 1988-98, to 2,643 from 2003 to 2008. According the author, to deal with sweatshop, we need to do many things. Such as, policy and program energies need to be redirected. The workers can create an independent union to protect when they are misled or depressed by the company. "US-based companies importing more than US$50 million worth of goods should have to post these findings on their corporate websites - in both English and the local language - for every country in which they have more than three contract factories." And last but not least, the rich countries need to rethink policies...

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