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How Did Hitler Establish A Dictatorship In Germany By August 1934

1381 words - 6 pages

Adolf Hitler surfaced in 1919, joining the Nazi party as a minority. However, by 1933, Hitler surprised everyone by becoming Chancellor, which was seen as a remarkable achievement. Yet many people underestimated his abilities, and thought that he would be removed from power. Even fewer people would have expected that by mid-1934, Hitler would become the sole leader of Germany, establishing a dictatorship. This essay will show how Hitler cleverly consolidated power, using a mixture of legal, illegal, and violent methods to remove any hindrance and oppositions in the way; and how Hitler, viewed by some as an opportunist, others a planner, made use of six major factors including the Reichstag fire, Emergency Decree, the Enabling act, the Night of the Long Knives, death of Hindenburg and the Army's oath of Loyalty, which lead to his role 'Fuhrer' and Reich Chancellor, securing his position between the Nazis and Germany.The first stage towards dictatorship was Hitler's rise to position of chancellor.The combination of the impact of depression, long-term bitterness of the people towards the Treaty of Versailles , ineffective and vulnerable to destruction Weimar constitution, strengths and charisma of Hitler and the Nazis, the use of violence and intimidation, negative cohesion, support from the SA, businessmen and Reichstag, constant use of propaganda along with much luck enabled to his rise of status to chancellor. Hitler understood the people and knew what they sought after, and as an outstanding speaker, he was able to convince the people that he was capable to solve the problems they were facing, receiving support, and created impressions through propaganda and election campaigns, funded by wealthy businessmen such as a man with aggression, energy, enthusiasm and sheer size , and one being ahead of time as a communicator . Hitler also gained support by promising people with "Work, freedom and bread" , expansionism, overthrowing the hated Treaty of Versailles, and improving militarization. His use of violence and intimidation against the Jews, communists and others who opposed him produced the impression of discipline and order , gaining power over the other parties, eventually allowing him to overthrow them. Negative Cohesions, meaning that the people did not necessarily share his views, but rather the dislikes and fears also contributed to his rise, such as the dislike of democracy in Weimar Germany and the "Fear of Communism" . Furthermore, he gained the support of the Reichstag, whereas people in the Weimar including von Papen von Schleicher and Hindenburg never did. The timing of the economic depression also enabled his position as chancellor. In 1929, the stock market crashed, causing increase in unemployment, famine and hyperinflation, leading to a constant search for a new leader by the people. He also provided scapegoats for the various problems in Germany-the Allies, the "November Criminals" and the Jews. In 1933, Hindenburg appointed...

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