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How Effective Were Mahatma Gandhi's Actions In Encouraging Non Violence In India?

1351 words - 5 pages

A. Plan of the InvestigationMany have attributed India’s independence to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi , also known as Mahatma Gandhi, and his followers. Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movement is famous throughout the world for its success in giving India her independence. The aim of my essay will be to find out exactly how effective Gandhi’s actions were in encouraging non-violence in India. I also aim to find out whether the effects of his actions, if any, were long lasting. We can safely assume that if the concept of non-violence lasted for a long time in India, then Gandhi’s actions must have been effective. This essay will also explore the basis for many people’s assumptions that non-violence was the only cause for the British withdrawal from India.B. Summary of EvidenceMahatma Gandhi’s crowning achievement must be his role in removing British presence in India. He worked thirty years to achieve his dream, and on August 14 and 15, 1947, British India was divided into the Dominion of Pakistan and the Union of India respectively. Gandhi had undergone many trials and tribulations in his effort to rid India of the British presence, and he was assassinated on 30 January, 1948, by a Hindu radical who accused him of weakening India because he had forced the government to pay a sum of 550 million rupees to Pakistan. Some blamed Gandhi for causing India’s partition, which caused hundreds of thousands of deaths.Mahatma Gandhi’s fight for India’s independence began with the people. He tried to build facilities for the poor, such as schools and hospitals, as well as sanitizing the villages. He encouraged the people to fight against social evils. When he was arrested by the authorities, and accused of creating unrest, hundreds of thousands of people rallied for his release. Eventually, the government was forced to do so, and Mahatma Gandhi’s fame spread all over the nation.Mahatma Gandhi used active non-violence as a means to oppose the British, which he developed into an ideology called Satyagraha. He boycotted British goods, spinning his own clothes and making his own salt, in the famous Salt March to Dandi. To protest the British tax on salt, Gandhi and his followers marched to Dandi, making their own salt from the seawater there. They gained worldwide coverage, and the India Independence Movement became well-known in other parts of the world.Gandhi encouraged only the strong-willed and the law-abiding to use his ideology of non-violence. He explained this when he said that Satyagraha was an ideology for the strong. Those who believe that their weapons are stronger should stick to those weapons. Never let it be said that a follower of Satyagraha is a coward, that he ran away from those who would do him violence. The followers of Satyagraha should be the law-abiding, because when the law is resisted by a lawful man, it shows the people that he believes strongly in the movement. When the law is broken by...

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