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How Slavery Replaced Indentured Servitude Essay

1602 words - 6 pages

There are many aspects contributing to the rise of slavery and decline of indentured servitude. The beginning of slavery started when Columbus invaded Hispaniola and enslaved the Arawaks . This was the first time people thought to enslave people against their will for labor. Hard labor and diseases nearly killed off their race, essentially concluding that they were no longer available candidates for labor. Indentured servitude was used as bait to lure people into enslavement and eventually began to fade due to multiple historical events, such as The Bacon Rebellion . African Americans became an easy target because they were less prone to diseases and their bodies were capable of such intense and difficult labor. As slavery began to rise in popularity certain laws were passed through Congress that supported slavery.
John Rolfe played a major role in history in 1614 when he found a way to harvest tobacco. The tobacco crop is what restored Jamestown, Virginia and it would not exist today without this cash crop. Restoring Jamestown is not the only significance the tobacco crop holds; it is also responsible for the early stages of slavery. Since tobacco became the cash crop of Virginia, it was more in demand. There was a shortage of laborers to plant and harvest the tobacco crop and as a result settlers were unable to meet the European quota for tobacco. Since it was increasing in demand more laborers were needed to maintain these large plantations ; therefore more indentured servants were needed. The higher the demand for tobacco, the higher demand for laborers. Company agents advertised a few years of labor bondage and exchange would receive a new and better life in America. In 1619, the first Africans came to Jamestown. They came to Jamestown against their will and labored as indentured servants. The arrival of Africans made it possible to expand the tobacco company. This was the first time African Americans were thought of for labor.
Slavery was not always about race or skin color. The main objective was to get the most labor done quickly and as cheap as possible. The main objective became to get the most labor done quickly and as cheap as possible and to discipline African Americans. Africans became a prime target because their skin color did not allow them to escape since they would easily stand out. It was very difficult for them to runaway because they would have to have private communities to hide out in, in order to remain hidden, called maroons . Their bodies were built to undergo large quantities of manual labor, which was very ideal. They also had stronger immune systems than the Arawaks and other people who were previously enslaved. These traits made African Americans prime targets for slaves.
As slaves were often expensive, only select people were able to buy them and as a result they were not economical. Many people did not want to spend money on slaves because their life expectancy was impossible to predict. People did not see...

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