The Middle Ages was a long period of time. It started in about the 500 A.D. and ended in about 1500 A.D. Not many things can last for this long period of time, but at least one thing did, and that was the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church consists of Popes, Bishops, Clergy, and Monks, and Nuns were also part of the Church. Also during the Middle Ages, it also produced many great philosophers (Funk & Wagnall’s, 275). From the Middle Ages to the 13th century, the church played important role as authority, influence. The Catholic Church held up due to the power of the Pope, Pope Gregory’s policies, and the Church was a part of the citizen’s daily lives.
In the Middle Ages houses of the poor and wealthy were often alike, except for the wealthy because they could occupy all their floors of the house. Their business would be on the first floor, living quarters on the second, and servant’s quarters on the third. If they family were poor they might have several families living under one roof, which makes the house very crowded (Gies, 243).
Among the village, the only stone building was the church. The entire village was mostly made out of sticks, mud and such objects. The churches were built and paid for by the people (thinkquest). It was a nice centerpiece of a town.
Inside the Church, you will not find any sort of warmth. Many people came with hand-warmers, because the church was often cool year round. Churches also did not have pews for people to sit on; they had to bring their own chairs. The church was a public building in which the town’s business life is often occurring around a town’s church (Gies, 291).
The Church provided services to the poor, care of the sick, helpless, and travelers (Fremantle, 36). The church was a part of the citizen’s daily lives, it was not only used for worship services, and it was the center for the town. The Churches held town meetings, guild meetings, and town council sessions (Gies, 291). It also became the main provider for civic administration, education, and law. “Tithes, were a form of taxation, but it was used to pay for church management, public services, hospitals, and schooling” (Cavendish, 649). Every person would pay taxes and abide by the church’s laws (mnsu.edu). The church added new religious and ethical concept and gave people new moral responsibilities (Funk & Wagnall’s).
The church had an organized, elaborate hierarchy with the pope as head. The head of the hierarchy in the church was the pope. The pope was the supreme power of the church and his followers. The pope was a representative of God. “The pope also had the power to influence the king and its advisors,” (mnsu.edu). Each church had its own hierarchy within. Next in line of power is the Bishop, he is the leader of the church. Bishops were usually very wealthy and dressed very nice. The bishop had its own duties to fulfill, for example he had the power to adjust the taxes, and...