According to “childtrends.org” one out of five adolescence have a diagnosable mental disorder. I believe it is important to be aware of mental disorders. The more we know about disorders and the earlier people seek treatment the more successful the person is with recovery. My mother is a social worker, and tells me about a few of her cases. This has sparked my interest in mental health and disorders associated with mental health. There are many disorders found in adolescence, but a few of the main ones are Substance Abuse, Depression, Schizophrenia, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (O.D.D.,) and Anorexia.
I learned that there are many different kinds of depression, each divided into sub-categories. Clinical Depression is divided into Major Depression, Dysthymia, and Manic Depressive/Bipolar Illness. Major Depression includes a combination of symptoms, and is often severe and can be disabling. Dysthymia, is less severe, and is typically not disabling. Manic Depressive/Bipolar Illness is common, and cycles between Depression and Mania. It can virtually affect every aspect of someones life (Grohol). Some of the symptoms for Depression include: sad/empty mood, loss of interest in ordinary activities, sleeping more or less, eating more or less, difficulty concentrating, making decisions, feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness, guilt, irritability, increased crying, loss or gain of weight, and chronic aches/pains that are unresponsive to treatment. Mania symptoms include: boundless energy, increased activity, poor judgment, easily distracted, decreased sleep, and disorganized speech. It is currently unknown what the cause of depression is, but it is believed to be chemical imbalances in the frontal lobe of the brain. Certain medications can also be a cause for depression. Depression can be treated with medication or for less severe cases, psychological therapy. If Depression is left untreated it can often lead to suicide (The Handbook of Mental Illnesses, pg. 9-11).
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (O.D.D.) is another disorder that is commonly diagnosed in adolescence and is usually accompanied by other disorders like A.D.H.D. or learning disorders. Some of the symptoms include being disobedient and hostile toward authority, being stubborn, and unwilling to compromise. O.D.D. is normally evident before the age of eight, and is more often seen in males. The cause is currently unknown, but research shows that it is more common in children living in a single parent household. There are no medical treatments for O.D.D., but an emphasis is placed upon teaching social skills, family therapy, and behavior management (The Handbook of Mental Illnesses, pg. 53-54).
Another mental health disorder found in adolescence is Childhood Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is rare in children before the age of seven, but there have been records of it showing up as young as five years old. Children with a parent who has Schizophrenia is at a higher risk for developing the...