What Does The Archaeological Evidence Of Tutankhamen's Tomb Reveal About The Burial Practices Of Pharaohs In The New Kingdom Egypt?

2204 words - 9 pages

What does the archaeological evidence of Tutankhamen's Tomb reveal about the burial practices of Pharaohs in the New Kingdom Egypt?Tutankhamen's Tomb being one of the most intact monuments of Ancient Egypt can reveal a great deal about the burial practices and beliefs of New Kingdom Egypt. Through an understanding of New Kingdom beliefs, analysis of the archaeological content of King Tutankhamen's tomb and through comparing and contrasting the different tombs of the New Kingdom Pharaohs a conclusion can be made on the relevancy of King Tutankhamen's tomb artefacts.The artefacts in King Tutankhamen's Tomb discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter reveal that the Burial Practices of New Kingdom Egyptians were based around their strong belief in the after/or second life, heavily relied on religious symbolism and placed emphasis on ritual acts. These factors are implied through the analysis of the archaeological evidence found in Tutankhamen's tomb.To fully understand the impact of the artefacts found in King Tutankhamen's Tomb it is necessary to have some prior knowledge of the Ancient Egyptian belief system and burial practices. This knowledge is essential to effectively assess the relevance of the archaeological evidence found in the tomb. Does the evidence found in the tomb reveal anything? Is King Tutankhamen's tomb typical of New Kingdom Egypt royal burials? Or, is Tutankhamen's tomb different and therefore giving modern scholars a distorted view of Ancient Egyptian burial practices and beliefs?The religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians were the dominating influence in the development of their culture. The Egyptian faith was based on an assortment of ancient myths, nature worship and on the polytheistic worship of Gods and Goddesses.The Egyptian account of creation stated that in the beginning there was nothing but a large surface of water. Ra was created out of an egg or lotus and with him brought forth four children, the gods Shu and Geb and the goddesses Tefnut and Nut.Geb and Nut later had two sons, Set and Osiris, and two daughters, Isis and Nephthys. Osiris succeeded Ra as king of the earth, helped by Isis, his sister-wife. Set, however, murdered Osiris. Isis then embalmed her husband's body with the help of the god Anubis, who became the god of embalming. Osiris, who was resurrected, became the king of the land of the dead. This legend is where the Egyptian funerary practices were derived. The Egyptians believed in a three-part soul called, the Ka, Ba and Akh. For this soul to survive and be judged properly the dead body and most vital organs must be kept intact. The body goes through a mummification [preserving] process of 70 days, which involves embalming and purifying the body and symbolic acts to protect the body like incantations and rituals. The idea was that the then mummified body would be taken to the hall of judgement by the God Anubis and hence judged by Osiris. If the deceased survived the judgement they would proceed to the...

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