What is the job of social science? Social science focuses its attention on the social aspects of human nature; its job is to study how individuals can relate with and communicate with each other. “Social scientists study the social environment in which we live in an attempt to understand human society and to predict how people will interact in a given set of circumstances (Mack, 2004, p584). In this essay, I discuss the role of social science for societies and individuals, how individuals relate to societies and the function of rules in societies as a main concern of social science.
Social science’s duty is to train human being how to deal with social status. As we were born, we were part of a society; we were a member of a family; families are the first breaks of societies. So, all of us were coping with social groups since we were born: families, schools, peer groups and even media shape our social environment. Mack (2004) noticed in his data, “All human beings are social. People have to interact with other people in order to survive. Since all human beings live in a society, which is to say that every person is a member of some human group, it is just reasonable to speak of a social environment” (p584).
Social science teaches us, as members of society, how to deal and interact with social environment. The question is why do people need to learn that knowledge? The answer is that human being are social creatures, hence they need social science to improve their social abilities. It is hard for a human being to live by himself out of a society. Even thought it is possible for a human being to survive in solitude, without any kind of social connection, not all of his talent could flourish in isolation. Skills like communication, negotiation and cooperation are those kinds of aptitudes which only thrive in social groups.
According to recent research, there are concurrent costs and benefits to living in social groups. We human being are social creatures who live in largely hierarchical societies, where people perform certain cooperative roles according to their rank and in order to preserve the community (Alcock, 1993, p.501).
As long as we human being are social creatures we need a society to live in, moreover we need to know how to survive in societies; that is what social science teach us.
The role of social science is observing social interactions, plus introducing social values and social norms. We would completely be different people if we were born in other societies rather the one we really did. Societies have shaped our thoughts, our ideas, our beliefs, our behaviour and our values. As Wei (2009) discussed,
A ‘society’ is an entity where people interact. The relationships among people in the society are ‘social relations’. The judgements of right and wrong about social relationships are ‘social values’. Social values are evinced in the form of ‘social norms’, which are behaviour guides popular in the society, and which...