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What Were The Key Features In Changes And Developments In Britain’s Town And Cities C1780 1880?

2812 words - 11 pages

What were the key features in changes and developments in Britain's town and cities c1780-1880?During the period of 1780-1880 British towns and cities went through changes and developments. Some of the changes that occurred with these towns and cities throughout Scotland England and Wales were due to the geographical location that allowed industries to grow which gave these areas a better work force. The railway system in Britain which was the fastest means of transport during 1780-1880 was a big revolution as it meant Britain had a fast and efficient way of commuting and transporting around the country. Britain also experienced urbanisation which led to a major decline in standard of living which was one of the greatest causes of ill health. Ill health and the spread of disease were cause for the changes in discovery and invention in the science of medicine.One of the major changes and developments in Britain was the exceptional invention in methods of transport. Railway was one of the greatest developments Britain encountered and the rise of improvement continued throughout decades during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Inventor of the locomotive George Stephen built the first railway in 1825 for steam powered locomotives to carry passengers and freight around the country, it was a short line which ran between Stockton and Darlington. In 1830 the rail network began to grow and bigger lines were being constructed. During 1830 a line between Manchester and Liverpool had been built and by the end of the 1830s constructions in a number of large railway lines had become complete or were almost complete. Two of the biggest lines were between London and Birmingham and The Great Western Railway to Bristol were well under way and this was a huge asset to British industries and social development. Although there was a surge in railway construction well into the 1830s, there was a period of time where rail building began to fade, but only for a short period of time. Between 1844 and 1846 it was a period known as 'rail mania' in which railways became hugely promoted and supported by greedy investors. These investors were middle class and thought that the industry was an unlimited profitable market. However, the prospects of rail mania quickly subsided, railway building however did not, the production had not yet diminished and continued there was time delay between the promotion and construction which allowed the developments to continue at a reasonable pace. Railway very quickly became the most effective and fast run transport network in Europe and was widely used by foreign visitors. By 1850 there was 9800 kilometres of railway line connecting the main towns and cities in Britain, this is a dramatic comparison in the advancement in Britain to other European countries for e.g Germany had 5900 kilometres while France had just 2900 kilometres of railway line. Before the railway system was developed, mail coaches were means of transportation and...

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