This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Examine The Argument That Places Can Be A Source Of Inclusion And Exclusion For Specific Communities

1367 words - 6 pages

In order to answer the question, it is necessary to define identity and specifically the way social scientist define identity. An individual has multiple identities, both personally and socially. These connect them to other people-relational identity; to groups, neighbourhoods, and communities-social identity; and to immediate situation or surroundings-situational identity. Very few theories or concepts support the idea of an ‘essential personal identity’. A concept that is more favourable is that ‘who I am’ is learnt and that it does change often over our life span. A contrary explanation is that personal identity is not completely separate from social identity. Including group/collective identies, for example gender is both a social identity and an important part of personal identity, the same can be said for identities such as working class, race/ethnicity. Furthermore, it applies to the concepts of relational and situational identities also.
Erving Goffman (1959) suggests, in every situation they encounter, people behave in ways to tell others who they are, what they do or want or expect to happen. People as part of social life continually interact with others. Society also has unspoken rules and skills that are learnt over time, to present themselves in these social interactions thus managing the impression of self. Goffmans views of social behaviour is that it is dramaturgical, like a play; A liking each of us to actors performing our parts as best we can to make our lives work the way we want(Taylor, 2009, p.172). Goffman also seems to suggest ultimately, there is essential identity and therefore has many critiques. Two key points of interest to social scientists; firstly, for a greater understanding of society the details of ordinary daily life should be studied. Secondly, by concentrating on what people do, and how they interact gives a moving picture of society (Taylor, 2009 p. 172). Similar to Goffmans theory, fellow sociologist Harold Garfinkel (1967) states that people are endlessly engaged in doing things; however, by using skills and knowledge gathered over time avoid chaos. It is the effectiveness, of these skills that helps create and maintain social order. These unspoken rules of social etiquette lead to society having preconceived ideas of what is the ‘norm’. This is almost automatic, yet if normal behaviour is breached without repair, it is immediately noticed. In addition, anything outside of these values of normality is viewed negatively or with suspicion, this in turn can lead to exclusion of those outside of these so-called ‘norms’.
Identities of groups refers to differences as well as similarities; writer, Jonathan Raban visited New York during the 1980s. New York was experiencing record numbers of homeless living on the city’s streets. Raban noted how negatively other people described them: ‘Long-term mental patients discharged from hospitals…crack addicts, thieves, alcoholics (Raban, cited in Taylor, 2009, P. 176)....

Find Another Essay On Examine the argument that places can be a source of inclusion and exclusion for specific communities

Critically Examine the Argument that Nowa Huta Reflects with Amazing Clarity the Contemporary Contradictions in Poland

1496 words - 6 pages was built without a single church as Stenning points out in her article; The Politics of Work, Workplace and Community in Nowa Huta, many of the early struggles in the town were focused around calls for the construction of a church. The people of Nowa Huta first erected a wooden cross in the heart of the town1957 and replaced this with a steel cross on April 27th 1960. The irony of a steel cross in a steel community can not be escaped.(Stenning

Internet: 'New' media Q. Critically examine the argument that: 'New' media are merely new systems of delivery of the same kind of content (Howells, 2003)

1651 words - 7 pages independent music; music styles that have not been unheard of could be easily accessed through the Internet linking people with the same interest together. The Internet is also a platform for anyone who wishes to express themselves freely providing space for freedom of speech; this means anyone can promote their ideas and beliefs without encountering any prejudice to them. The Internet allows freedom of speech; interesting viewpoints can be

Discuss which specific methods for implementation can be used at the enterprise level. · Describe which specific tools for implementation can be used at the enterprise level. · Provide an example of a...

1238 words - 5 pages capacity planning, the project manager (PM) must realize the factors that contribute to the process. The first factor will be the amount of time it takes to bring a new capacity into place, along with the time it takes to begin a new product into place. Second will there be an impact if there is not sufficient capacity for a new promising product. Third will there be a need for a third-party manufacture to help produce the new product and what will be

Examine the different views of love presented in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet and discuss for their inclusion

1393 words - 6 pages ' lives in those days. Once a woman was married her husband owned her and she had no rights.Romeo seems rather indecisive at the start of the play but he seems to be loved and cherished Benvolio and Mercutio. It was important for Romeo, Mercutio and Benvolio to be loyal to each other, as they could all easily need help and supporting these treacherous times. We see that Benvolio has a character of great strength and support. When he tries to stop the

Examine the Concept of 'Social Exclusion' linked to Irish Identity

1897 words - 8 pages Within this essay I am going to explore and examine the concept of social exclusion linked to Irish identity in Britain. I will be exploring the social conditions of the Irish people living in Britain because if first and second generation Irish people are taken together, the Irish form the largest ethnic group in Britain today. In fact, studies have shown that the size of the Irish-born population in Britain has remained stable overall since

Dissection of inclusion and exclusion in "Bartelby" (Melville) "The Sculptor's Funeral" (Cather) "The Minister's Black Veil" (Hawthorne) and the novella "Of Mice and Men" (Steinbeck)

1321 words - 5 pages preacher's townsfolk find the veil hideous.To endure inclusion and exclusion is a phenomenon experienced by those who are characterized by some unique quality. This quality must be striking and grandiose, enough so that is separates a person from a group. Consider the black veil of the minister. It is psychologically shocking enough to produce the effect of exclusion. "Such was the effect of this simple piece of crape, that more than one woman of

Argument for Sonja Livingston’s Inclusion in the Literary Canon

1431 words - 6 pages , description, first-person points of view-all the tools available to fiction writers, while consistently attempting to be truthful and factual.” (Gutkind) Non-fiction can be and is ‘literary” and through mastery of that genre, an author is worthy of inclusion in the canon. On the strength of her work; the uniqueness of her voice; Sonja Livingston should be considered for membership in the canon. Ghostbread, Sonja Livingston’s, most well

Homer - "The Odyssey" It is surprising that Odysseus, 'a master of stratagems,' can also be reckless and impulsive?

685 words - 3 pages It is surprising that Odysseus, 'a master of stratagems,' can also be reckless and impulsive?Throughout the Epic, The Odyssey, Odysseus is determined to be a survivor and return to Ithaca with a status appropriate to his own sense of excellence. Odysseus is not going to make any suicidal heroic stands on the battle field and refuses to compromise a very narrow sense of integrity. On the contrary, he is ready to use any stratagem to get home

The purpose of this assignment is to analyse source code and look for vulnerabilities. The vulnerabilities identified will be exploited with a

1475 words - 6 pages precompiled SQL statement that can be executued many times without having to recompile it for evey execution. Example of common metacharacters used in SQL query statements are semi-colons, single quotes, and double quotes. The config file contains no code that's vulnerable to SQL injection but the code must be amended with a prepared statement because every page is linked together. The image below shows the original mysql code. (See Figure 4-5 below

"Different cultures have different truths". "A truth is that which can be accepted universally". What are the implications for knowledge of agreeing with these opposing statements?

1295 words - 5 pages "Different cultures have different truths". "A truth is that which can be accepted universally". What are the implications for knowledge of agreeing with these opposing statements?The two statements are contradictory as they essentially convey opposing theories about truth; relativism - the belief that what is true is what is accepted by one's culture or community - and absolutism - the branch of thought which claims that a statement is either

Differences and Inequalities That Can be Seen on the Streets of the UK

826 words - 3 pages collar workers earn a high amount of revenue, and spend it predominantly on services (Making social lives, page 24) The roads on Renshaw Street are exceptionally busy; there are several pedestrian crossings which give a pedestrian prompts as to which way one should look when crossing the road are given – for instance the writing on the road adjacent to the first pedestrian crossing states “look left”. This is undoubtedly due to the fact that there

Similar Essays

The Role That Sport Plays In The Social Inclusion And Exclusion Of Young People

2014 words - 9 pages majority of male participants ‘expressed their discontent over the pressures of hegemonic masculinity and its unachievability’ (2004, p.261). It could be suggested here that male students within the school environment are aware of the mechanism of sport for social inclusion and exclusion. This suggestion is further emphasised by McSharry (2009) who concluded that males possess an understanding of the social prestige they can gain as a result of taking

Miracles Identify A Philosopher And Examine Their Understanding Of The Term Miracle. Examine Arguments That Can Be Used To Discredit Belief In Miracles. How Is Belief In Miracles Still Strong?

2604 words - 10 pages , there are many things that can define a miracle. For some people, the birth of a child would be a miracle, whereas others may need a religious significance to determine a specific event a miracle. Therefore, the most that can be said about a miracle is that it's an event which can be interpreted to have some significance, religious or not, that in some way can be the result of God's intervention in the world or in the lives of those who have

What Case Can Be Made To Demonstrate That Communities Developed In The Slave Quarters Of Plantations Located In The Southern States Of The United States?

1673 words - 7 pages What case can be made to demonstrate that communities developed in the slave quarters of plantations located in the Southern states of the United States?Communities exist in all areas where people live and congregate. The definition of community has frequently been debated among sociologists as each sociologist has his own interpretation of what a community should consist of. Sociologists seemed to agree that the definition of community involves

Examine The Contention That Urban Policy Should Focus On Places Rather Than People

1571 words - 6 pages you make them help each other.The reign of the conservatives (1970-1974) followed by labour (1974-1979) saw the start of urban policy, known as 'The Urban Programme,' this is one of the only urban policies that are still in place today. In this programme, $20 million a year was put up for local communities (CDP's) to bid for, the condition being that they had to be spent on socially oriented goals such as education, health and training programs