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Examine The Role And Political Influence Of President Hindenburg Between His Election In 1925 And 30th January 1933

1073 words - 4 pages

Until 1925, Hindenburg's role within German politics was minor if not none, until this time he had served as one of the most important generals in the World War One. However in 1925, Hindenburg was persuaded to run for presidency by nationalist politicians after the death of President Ebert and succeeded with almost 50% of the vote. Even though Hindenburg was clearly Anti-Republican, he did not wish to return to the old style monarchy, but preferred a new authoritarian style rule which he would rule with some of his personal confidants made up of Major General Kurt von Schleicher, Oskar Hindenburg his son, General Groener and Otto Meissner, he proved to be absolutely loyal to his constitutional responsibilities and he carried out his presidential duties with absolute correctness. In April 1925, Hindenburg ran for presidency, with over 14 million votes he was able to take his new position as president of Germany, this suggested that the people of Germany wanted a strong leadership not a weak coalition government. After the Great Depression had begun to set in the late 1920's the government began to break up and Hindenburg decided to invoke the powers of Article 48 he appointed the new chancellor Heinrich Brüning and dissolved the Reichstag. Later in 1930, during a time of political crisis, the coalition government fell apart the SPD and the DVP or Peoples Party who represented businesses in Germany were unable to agree on the size of the contribution to the fund, thus the government fell, when a new coalition government could not be found parliamentary democracy in Germany came to an end, Hindenburg's only choice was to dissolve the Reichstag and removed the deputies, replacing them. However, even this new government was more uncooperative than its predecessor and Hindenburg introduced a new system called Präsidialkabinett that was based on the system of presidential cabinets governing without party support in the Reichstag. Now Hindenburg and Brüning ruled by decree and since all government decisions needed the president's signature, Hindenburg was able to veto any parliamentary decision and Brüning governed without a parliamentary majority, deriving his authority from the powers residing in the office of President Hindenburg. The president became increasingly influenced by his military and Junker friends, Hindenburg forced the government to spend huge amounts of capital on the army and navy, driving the country into debt at the expense of the countries growing unemployment and other needs, meanwhile Brüning's deflationary policies irritated current economic policies, which can be blamed as one of the main factors for the downfall of the Republic.Hindenburg's decision to call for the Reichstag elections in September 1930, Hindenburg inadvertently allowed the enemies of the Weimar to grow. The votes of the Nazi and Communist Parties at this time grew and the 2 parties together had obtained a huge growth spurt within the...

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