Examining Contrasting Views In The Field Of Normative Ethics And Applied Ethics

1583 words - 6 pages

In this paper, I will examine contrasting views in the field of normative ethics and applied ethics. I will first analyze Aristotle in his writings on virtue ethics and W.D. Ross’s arguments for deontological ethics. I will then proceed to the field of applied ethics, and analyze the positions of John Noonan and Mary Warren on the issue of abortion. Aristotle, in his selections from Nicomachean Ethics, argues that eudaimonia is the supreme goal of every human being in life. Eudaimonia, or well-being and happiness, is the end result of just actions. Happiness is an activity and not a state of emotion. In the selection explaining goodness as an end, Aristotle states, “Every craft and every investigation, and likewise every action and decision, seems to aim at some good; hence the good as been well described as that at which everything aims” (Pojman 249). He believes that goodness and happiness provide a sense of completeness because we choose it for ourselves, and not for anybody else. Every activity is performed to achieve some end that will provide happiness. The highest ends which we endeavor must be the supreme good. Aristotle posits that human beings strive to achieve happiness because the highest good is a sufficient end that produces happiness. To define actions that bring happiness, things that function well are deemed good. A sculptor, or a craftsman, can be good if they perform their functions with efficiency. Happiness is achieved if the supreme Good is acting in accordance with the proper functions and virtues. Aristotle writes, “… the human good turns out to be the soul’s activity that expresses virtue” (Pojman 252). A human being with the proper virtues can live a good life, and is more inclined to achieve eudaimonia. In the attempt to achieve happiness, one should avoid vices such as jealousy and infidelity. He puts forth the idea that virtues fall into two distinctions: intellectual and moral. Virtues, such as temperance, courage, wisdom and justice guide the rational condition. Good actions are just if they have a means that explicates the two extremes of excess and deficiency. At times, individuals have a capacity to conduct themselves that resides along one of the extremes more than the other. Aristotle uses the example of rashness, bravery, and cowardice to show these extremes. Thus, virtues are dispositions and habits that allow human beings to perform rational actions, while ultimately achieving the end goal of supreme happiness. The acquisition of virtues is attainable through institutions to teach moral values necessary for achieving happiness. Conversely, W.D. Ross argues that deontology shapes moral actions, and more specifically, supports duties and pleasures as the primary goal of human goodness. Utilitarianism disregards the duty argument in performing just acts and only considers the good that moral acts provide. Like Aristotle, Ross believes right action is one that produces the greatest good....

Find Another Essay On Examining Contrasting Views in the Field of Normative Ethics and Applied Ethics

The Tuskeee Study: Radically Changed the Views and Practice of Medicine and Ethics

1112 words - 4 pages The Tuskegee Study has radically changed the views and practice of medicine and ethics. The 40 year long study impacted 600 African American men and their families. It began as a scientific investigation of syphilis as it affected black men. Back in the 1930’s, it was thought to be true that black men were genetically different from white men and that black men’s bodies reacted differently to syphilis. The goal was to see what would happen to

An applied environmental ethics 'case study on the Brazilian rainforest'.

5842 words - 23 pages attempting to coerce other nations to do so.BibliographyCase, K and Fair, R. Principles of Economics. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1989.Dillingham, C and Newton, L. Watersheds: Classic Cases in Environmental Ethics. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1994.Hargrove, E. Foundations of Environmental Ethics. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1989.Katz, E and Oechsli, L. 'Moving beyond anthropocentrism: Environmental ethics, development and the Amazon

Normative Ethics: Utilitarianism and Deontology: Module 1 <Tab/>Case Assignment<Tab/>

1375 words - 6 pages I. IntroductionShould a CEO personally go to jail? I believe that if you're in that role and that's your job, I'd say absolutely. I'd expect that you would have the information available to you. It doesn't mean that others don't have functional responsibilities, but it would be expected of someone in that position. I believe that it all comes from the top. The CEO sets the tone for ethics and integrity, and the corporate culture should include

Applied ethics - A public defender application.

1958 words - 8 pages could loan Oliver some money for an initial payment to an attorney who has the time to prove his innocence.- Page 2 -- Jessie can work on Oliver's case when she is off of work. This would provide a temporary solution but in doing this long term for other cases would result in the expense of losing her husband and getting behind on other cases.- Jessie can move back in with her parents, pursue another career, and find another man.Best options

"Ethics Affect Actions".Examines the views of two philosophers (Kant and Mill) on how ethics affect appropriate action. Great for a philosophy class and you can add your own views and opinions

1075 words - 4 pages "Ethics Affect Actions""What is the appropriate action?" It's a controversial question that is a focal point for moral and ethical code. Morals and ethics is, of course, a subject that runs deep in the discussion of philosophy. People are faced with moral dilemmas everyday, which often times they decide without thoroughly examining their options. Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are two philosophers who focus on the topic of ethics, yet with

Ethics According to Natural Law - Aquinas's and Augustine's Views.

1139 words - 5 pages Natural law would view abortion as wrong because it interferes with the fetus's "quest" toward its divine destiny of completed potentiality as a human being. "Thomas Aquinas, On the Truth of the Catholic Faith, book II, ch. 89, reflected the influence of Aristotle's views on human development: "The vegetative soul, which comes first, when the embryo lives the life of a plant, is corrupted, and is succeeded by a more perfect soul, which is both

Karl Marx’s Views on Family Ethics

1368 words - 5 pages Karl Marx’s Views on Family Ethics Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Karl Marx devoted much of his time to the study of morality, better known as ethics. Karl Marx was a firm believer in Communism and he authored the Communist Manifesto, along with Frederick Engels. Family ethics is an issue dealt with by Karl Marx in his teachings and writings. According to Marx and his co-author, Engels, morality is the slave of

True Diversity: Ethics Discussion GEN 480: Interdisciplinary Capstone Course This paper is meant to discuss how my personal ethics were derived and how they are applied to a workplace situation

1535 words - 6 pages these ethics in my decision-making process. Finally, for the purpose of this paper, I will apply these ethics to a situation at work that has some complex legal and moral ethical issues.Definition of EthicsAccording to Ruggiero (1997), ethics is the study of right and wrong in a person's conduct. Broken down further, it is the discipline involving the collection and analysis of data on what different cultures believe, without consideration for

Examining the Views of Ethnographic Writers

1075 words - 4 pages used in fieldwork; her second examines the language employed in ethnographic descriptions. The connection of performance ethnography with the performance of writing presents an opportunity to examine the views of ethnographic writers. By applying Kisliuk’s argument to the ethnographic language of Aaron Fox (2004) and Cece Conway(1995) we gain insight into the (field) position(s) of the respective author. Aaron Fox’s ethnographic language in

The Function of Ethics and Morality in American Democracy.

574 words - 2 pages There are a few questions surrounding the topic of ethics and morality. What are ethics and morality? Are they really necessary in order to have a decent functioning society? Would we be able to live with one another without them? Most people realize ethics and morality have something to do with the concepts of good and bad. Individuals need to have ethics and morality to a certain degree so we can maintain some sense of order.So, what are

The Nature of Ethics in Hinduism, Christianity, and Buddhism

1784 words - 7 pages The Nature of Ethics in Hinduism, Christianity, and Buddhism When asking the question about the nature of ethics, it is hard to explain where they came from because not everyone has the same views or religions. Since religions have different standards, there are different sources to them and different reasons for why people should follow them. When trying to find answers to questions about the nature of ethics, it is impossible to know

Similar Essays

Examining The Ethics Of Plato And Aristotle

1051 words - 4 pages This essay will be examining the ethics of Plato (428-347 BCE) and Aristotle (384-322 B.C). I will firstly attempt to summarise the five fundamental concepts of Plato and Aristotle before providing my own opinion and view on their ethics. I will concentrate on their theories on the good life as a life of justice, censorship, knowledge and the good life. I will first examine Plato’s ethics. Plato was a philosopher who was both a rationalist

Ethics And Its Complications In The Nursing Field

2416 words - 10 pages . Nursing documentation can help with the ethics of everyday decision making. Gina Kearney and Sue Penque discuss that “evidence shows that accurate record keeping and careful documentation is an essential part of the nursing practice” (32-36). Davis, Schrader, and Belcheir notes in their journal that “according to JR Rest’s model of ethical decision making, there are four processes that must take place in order for a person to act morally: 1. the

Contrasting Ethics: Friedman And Drucker Essay

1587 words - 6 pages Contrasting Ethics: Drucker and Friedman Peter F. Drucker and Milton Friedman were two immensely successful men who made a huge impact on the business world during their lifetimes. As a matter of fact, their contributions in both theory and practice are still felt today. Both men were well-educated, leaders in their field, teachers, award winners, and published authors. One noted difference, however, was their backgrounds which were vastly

The Four Views Of Ethics: Including A Discussion Of The Benefits And Drawbacks Related To Each Of The Four Views.

1138 words - 5 pages IntroductionEthics can be defined as the code of moral principles that sets standard of good or bad, or right or wrong, in one's conduct (Schermerhorn 2005). Ethics is important for a manager's decision because every decision they made, they had to consider who will be affecting and the outcome of the decision to the company. Different managers had different concept of ethical decision. Thus, there are four views of ethics in influencing a