Parkinson’s disease is a neurological disorder of the brain that affects muscle function
(PubMed, 2006). This type of diagnosis may lead to symptoms consisting of drooling, problems
with walking, slowed movements, loss of minor hand motions, and issues swallowing (PubMed,
2006). The onset of this illness usually occurs in the latter stages of life after the age of 50
(Baker & Gershanik, 2006). Because Parkinson’s is a slow progressively debilitating disease,
the sick require constant attention to track even minor changes. The initial phase of the disease
demonstrates mild symptoms that may remain for a period of time if treated properly. As the
illness progress, the sufferer begins to experience severe motor function abnormalities that
affect daily activities. Initially, the prescribed medications produce significant benefit, known as
honeymoon period, in which a state of health is achieved. (Baker & Gershanik, 2006). Those
same medications will eventually lead to further complications resulting in dementia,
hallucinations, and psychosis. With an increase in life expectancy, patients with Parkinson’s
disease must undergo continuous care as the disease advances through different stages.
Parkinsonism depends upon treatment from many different types of health care
organizations. Sufferers with this sickness are most often seen in outpatient facilities in the early
stages of the disease and long term care hospitals in advanced and end stages (Baker &
Gershanik, 2006). In the early diagnosis of Parkinson’s, patients are functioning independently
and the treatments needed are simple. A family physician or general practitioner can provide the
needed care for PD if trained properly. The more advanced stages demonstrate symptoms of
motor complications that demand specialized attention. Patients are often seen by a neurologist
to assist with signs of progression. A shift in the plan of care will occur as the motor
complications become long term. The next step involves several types of specialist such as
urologist, psychiatrist, specialized nurses, and gastroenterologist (Baker & Gershanik, 2006).
According to published data, almost...