This document represents the executive summary, using sources from the literature review. The occupation is Cardiac Tumour Surgeon. The technologies were discussed in the literature review, and the outcome of that was Nanobots, Da vinci system and Augmented reality. The objective of this is to discuss each technology, and decide on the best one to develop a poster on. The chance of having it in a lifetime is approximately 1 in 3, for both men and women. (National Cancer Institute, 2013).
This could revolutionise way doctors carry out procedures, as they inject the Nanobot into the bloodstream and it delivers the payload to the correct location, in this case the heart through the vascular network. This would be a breakthrough with cancer treatment, as it minimizes the chances of the patient having invasive surgery. (Kroeker, K, 2009). This could potentially speed up operations as they assist this, for example if the patient has a tumour they can deliver a drug to cure it. At the moment there is a structure called DNA Origami, which carries antibodies to destroy particular molecules when it finds one. The device is small so it has to target the cells accurately, this if effective as it reduces the risk of “toxic side effects” (Sanglap, R, 2012). They are the diameter of 4 human hairs (GMA News Online, 2013).
Figure 1, is what a Nanobot looks like.
(How Stuff Works, 2007).
It does not hold a battery due to its size. It has a capacitor which holds a limited charge from Octomag which is the electromagnets around the patients head. (Strickland, J, 2007). It navigates by changing the strength of the electromagnets. (GMA News Online, 2013).
3. Da Vinci System
This is robot surgery. It works by the surgeon directing the motions of the robot, and controlling three to four arms by viewing the movement of the robot through a “viewing and control console”. This is already approved for “laparoscopic procedures” in America. The robot moves in synchronization with the human hands at a slower pace to allow precision. It only makes small incisions so it heals quicker, unlike regular surgery. (Bonsor, K. Strickland, J, 2013) A hole in a heart has been fixed because of this (Paduano, M, 2012). Small incisions also mean that there is less chance of complications, due to infections. (Samadi, D, 2013).
(University of Southern California, 2013).
In Figure 2 there is a surgeon looking into the viewing console, and his hands moving the device.
There have been occasional incidences like the arm malfunctioning, after it made the incisions and inserted the instruments for the procedure. The wound had to be increased to remove the damaged instrument. It has also damaged some organs, such as a heart and liver during surgery. (Ferguson, D, 2013). It is used in over 2,500 hospitals worldwide, this demonstrates that it is a trusted treatment. (Ferguson, D, 2013).
4. Augmented Reality
This system gives the ability for the...