This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Exercise Induced Asthma Essay

2443 words - 10 pages

Exercise Induced Asthma

"Asthma is a pulmonary disease with the following characteristics: 1) airway obstruction that is reversible in most patients either spontaneously or with treatment; 2) airway inflammation; and 3) increased airway responsiveness to a variety of stimuli" (Enright, 1996, p. 375). There presently exist many varieties of asthma that differ in the severity, means of induction, and methods of treatment. One type is exercise-induced asthma. "Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is a temporary increase in airway resistance and acute narrowing of the airway that occurs after several minutes of strenuous exercise, usually after the exercise had ceased" (Spector, 1993, p. 571). Perfectly healthy individuals with no history of asthma or allergies can experience EIA. EIA can be found in 5.6%-25% of the general population and in 40%-90% of asthmatics (Randolph, 1997). EIA has been recognized for over 300 years, but only recently have it's pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment been studied in detail.
EIA was discovered as early as the first century AD when it was observed by Aretaeus the Cappadocian that "if from running, gymnastic exercises, or any other work, the breathing becomes difficult, it is called Asthma" (Randolph, 1997, p. 54). After that, no further research or emphasis was placed on EIA until 1698 when Sir John Floyer, an asthma sufferer, wrote the Treatise on Asthma in which he reported the first delineation of asthmogenic activities. In 1864 Salter recognized that EIA was exacerbated by cold air, and in 1962 Jones determined the pattern of bronchodilation followed by bronchoconstriction that is characteristic of EIA. Such strokes stimulated additional research, and in 1984 and 1988 the Olympic authorities began to screen athletes for EIA before competition. Subsequently, in 1990 the U.S. Olympic Committees published the guidelines for banned and accepted medications for asthma (Randolph, 1997). The results of these studies provided the basis on which to classify EIA. This basis includes airway constriction within the first 6-12 minutes of vigorous exercise, a peak at about 5-10 minutes after exercise, and recovery that is usually spontaneous and within 60 minutes, except in severe cases where it may require up to 3 hours (Enright, 1996; Spector, 1993).
The exact causes of EIA are unknown, but according to Storms (1999), there are two theories of the possible pathogenesis of EIA:
The first is the water loss theory which states that the hyperventilation associated with
strenuous exercise leads to loss of water through the epithelium of the bronchial mucosa.
This loss of water leads to changes in intracellular osmolarity, pH, and temperature through
mechanisms currently unknown, producing the signs and symptoms of EIA. (p. S35)
This theory states that as exercise begins, rate of breathing increases rapidly, and in order for the air to be warmed and...

Find Another Essay On Exercise Induced Asthma

Symptoms of an Asthma: How Can You Tell If You have Asthma?

1211 words - 5 pages in most individuals who suffer from asthma; however this is not the case for some individuals. As is the case with myself, some individuals may not have asthma that is set off by allergies. This is known as exercise-induced asthma and is generally easier to manage than traditional asthma. As with allergies, chances are you can blame those in your family history for having asthma, as there is fairly a strong genetic component for most

Asthma Essay

1041 words - 5 pages tired or weak when exercising, wheezing or coughing after exercise, easily upset or moody.4 Additional signs include a decrease or change in lung function on peak flow meter, signs of a cold or allergies, and trouble sleeping. Asthma can also be exercise-induced.5 It can also be occupational meaning it is triggered by your workplace by chemical fumes, gases, and dust. The Respiratory System is the most effected by asthma.It effects the specific

Asthma

1949 words - 8 pages ;Medical Information", 1998)." Further research by Grant 3 Harvard Medical School have found that instead of being a by-product of asthma, extra pounds could make people more vulnerable to developing the disease ("Tufts Diet," 1998). Even though physical activity has been found to be beneficial to asthmatics. Exercise-induced asthma have been prevalent in our society. As Arateus, in the second century, stated, "If from

The Disease of Asthma

1744 words - 7 pages amount of antibody can be measured by a blood test. This will show how sensitive the patient is to a particular allergen. If the diagnosis is still in doubt, the patient can inhale a suspect allergen while using a spirometer to detect airway narrowing. Spirometry can also be repeated after a bout of exercise if exercise induced asthma is a possibility. A chest x-ray will help rule out other disorders. Currently, several drugs are used to treat

Describe The Main Limitations Suffered By Those With Chronic

2853 words - 11 pages . Roberts (1996) suggest that there is evidence that the Buteyko method is effective in treating chronic asthma. Devised by professor Beteyko of Siberia, this program consists of specific relaxation techniques and shallow breathing to correct breathlessness and wheezing. For those who are prone to exercise induced asthma choosing the right type of exercise is important … particularly choosing a sport that requires longer and slower breathing and

Exploring Asthma

2483 words - 10 pages - and exercise-induced asthma is unclear. There has been much investigation, mainly in animal models, examining the importance of the three different types of muscarinic receptor (M1, M2, M3). Dysfunction of the M2 receptor has been proposed as a mechanism leading to excessive bronchoconstriction and mucus secretion in asthma. Dysfunction of the M2 receptor in guinea pigs can be induced by exposure to various stimuli such as

Pollution and Asthma: Is There a Connection?

2863 words - 12 pages restore normal breathing. There are two types of asthma; allergic and nonallergic. The most common form is allergic asthma. Allergic asthma is caused dust mites, pet hair, pollen etc. Non allergic asthma have symptoms that are very similar but do not have anything to do with an allergic reaction. This type of asthma can be triggered by anxiety, stress, exercise, cold and dry air and viruses from smoke. Both types of asthma causes irritation if the

Is Improper Use of the Inhaler Related To Poor Asthma Control?

1184 words - 5 pages inflammation.” The severity of the disease is measured based on an individual’s lung function (FEV1), the number of times a patient uses a bronchodilator, and the symptoms a patient portrays at night (GINA 1). The pathophysiology of Asthma includes bronchoconstriction which is the first step; refers to the narrowing of the airway as an immediate response to exposure stimuli such as allergens, aerosols or irritants. Allergen-induced acute

Diet and Respiratory Care Research

610 words - 3 pages From the various studies carried out on dietary induced weight loss on asthmatic obese and overweight children, the outcomes reveal that a dietary intervention is able to stimulate acute loss of weight in asthmatic children within duration of just 10 weeks. Notably, heightened dietary-stimulated weight loss is coupled with a considerable progress in asthma control, static lung function, and self reported quality of life in this faction of

Respiratory Function / Dysfunction

2244 words - 9 pages are the first line treatment, in the occurrence of an acute asthma attack. Relievers are known as Beta-2 agonists such as Salbutamol, Ventolin, Terbutaline, these are usually administered through inhalers, which are blue in colour (Figure3).Figure3: Salbutamol Inhaler:Longer-acting Beta-2 agonists such as Salmeterol and Oxis are particularly good for exercise induced problems and night time symptoms, but is not recommended for very young children

Asthma Pathophysiology

2024 words - 8 pages used exclusively by the children in need of a controlled medication due to their specific triggers, i.e. exercise etc. Several of the children were on medications typically for allergy prevention and were now being used for off-label indications to prevent an allergy induced asthma attack. These include Flonase (inhaled nasal corticosteroid) at 2 puffs in each nare BID, and a variety of oral anti-histamines – cetirizine/loratadine for AM doses

Similar Essays

Cronic Disease Paper/ Asthma

971 words - 4 pages coughing, wheezing, and having trouble catching their breath. A minor attack can be treated at home but a serious attack can be life-threatening and may require the patient to go to the emergency room. To stop having an attack or prevent an attack the patient needs to treat it early before the airways get flared up. There is exercise- induced asthma also called exercise-induced bronchospasm which occurs during or after and exercise or strenuous

Health Class Asthma Paper Research Paper

510 words - 3 pages case of emergency and antihistamine is a medication used to treat the symptoms of asthma. Some people have exercise-induced asthma. They have to avoid being in cold, dry weather. Swimming in a pool where there is moist, warm air is a good treatment for people with asthma. It is safe and reduces irritation. Relaxation can also help reduce symptoms of asthma. Though, asthma can be treated it cannot be cured; yet some children can outgrow it (Landau

Asthma And Its Types Essay

1645 words - 7 pages , mold or smoke. Another type of Asthma is called exercise induced Asthma. This type of Asthma is brought on by the patient exercising or exerting themselves physically. It is believed that this Asthma is brought on by the patient breathing through their mouth when they exercise. The muscle bands around the airways are sensitive to the cold and dryer air and cause the airways to narrow. Another type of Asthma is called cough variant Asthma

Asthma Essay

1717 words - 7 pages although it can be fatal, it is usually not that severe(4). There is no cure for asthma, but with proper care, it can usually be controlled. As someone with Exercise Induced Asthma, I have personal experience with the topic. I have experienced most of the symptoms described in my research, tried many of the medicines, and have my asthma under control. This essay will first discuss the normal function of the lungs, and then proceed to explain