Existentialist Perception Of The Human Condition: With Special Reference To Sartre

2431 words - 10 pages

Existentialist Perception Of The Human Condition: With Special Reference To Sartre

ABSTRACT: Existentialism lays stress on the existence of humans; Sartre believed that human existence is the result of chance or accident. There is no meaning or purpose of our lives other than what our freedom creates, therefore, we must rely on our own resources. Sartre thought that existence manifests itself in the choice of actions, anxiety and freedom of the will. In this way the responsibility of building one's future is in one's hands, but the future is uncertain and so one has no escape from anxiety and despair. We are always under the shadow of anxiety; higher responsibility leads to higher anxiety. The pursuit of being leads to an awareness of nothingness, nothingness to an awareness of freedom, freedom to bad faith and bad faith to the being of consciousness which provides the condition for its own possibility. Concluding his thought, Sartre says that existentialism is not pessimism. He says that existentialism does not aim at plunging us into despair: its final goal is to prepare us through anguish, abandonment and despair for a genuine life, and it is basically concerned with the human condition as a complete form of choice. The fundamental issue, therefore, is an authentic meaning of life.

Existentialism is a contemporary trend in the sphere of Philosophy. It lays stress on the existence of man. Existentialism was a protest against the traditional notions of man. It purports to form a 'just' concept of man, rejecting underestimation or overestimation of Man's personality. The Chief tenate of existentialism is "Existence precedes essence". It thinks that the existence of the individual is the highest truth. To it existence is more important than essence, for in essence; we are not able to find out the individuality. A particular man who is a moral entity, who fights against life, he should be the center of life, not his essence. Sartre says "Man exists, turns up, appears on the scene, and only afterwards, defines himself". "In other wards, man first exists then he looks at the world, thinks" of it and acts in it as an individual." His contemplation and his actions are possible only because his existence: Existence, thus is the first principle from which all else flows. It is only later, by living , thinking and acting that man defines his nature and forms what is called his essence-that which he is and will be ." (2) Consequently, man is like a blank sheet. He never comes in the world as finished product, as readymade, as well defined, rather he defines himself in course of his life. Sartre believe that human existence is the result of chance or accident. There is no meaning or purpose of his life other than what his freedom creates , therefore, he must rely on his own resources.

In the Philosophy of Sartre, there is an accord between the feeling of anxiety and freedom. He thinks that existence manifest's itself in the choice of actions,...

Find Another Essay On Existentialist Perception Of The Human Condition: With Special Reference To Sartre

Title-Explore how the audiences perception of Claudius alters throughout the play, with particular reference to the prayer scene. Needs more textual evidence. Word Count 2062. Includes Bibliography.

2096 words - 8 pages their perception of him in relation to the more public court scene with his use of language.The prayer scene opens in a private room of the castle; it has been set in the chapel of the palace in some productions, with Claudius and Hamlet in the confessions box. This scene is the first totally private moment with Claudius that the audience have observed in the play. This scene is crucial for many reasons. It humanizes Claudius to a smalldegree

Jean-Paul Sartre - Problems with the Notion of Bad Faith

4486 words - 18 pages bad faith, primarily due to what Sartre is attempting to present as being the constituents of human consciousness, and their relationship to that which makes us human beings. Jean-Paul Sartre is noted for his commitment to a radical view of human freedom. His analysis of the human condition leads him to claim that, since human beings do not possess an "essential nature" at birth, they have to

Anthusser's notion of Interpellation and the Human Subject, with reference to Tillie Olsen's "I Stand Here Ironing".

1142 words - 5 pages individuals to their real conditions of existence' (cited in Stevenson 1995: 37). Ideology transforms human beings into subjects, leading them to see themselves as self-determining agents when they are in fact shaped by ideological processes.This ideology comes almost exclusively from Ideological State Apparatuses. These are institutions that, according to Althusser, interpellate individuals into either the bourgeoisie (ruling class) or the proletariat

Sartre's Existentialism. - How should an existentialist live according to Sartre? To what extent do you agree?

910 words - 4 pages precedes essence" and as a result of this, man is "condemned to be free." It is fundamental for an atheist existentialist to adopt the idea that God does not exist to reach these conclusions Sartre has put before us. He gives little explanation for his idea that God is not in existence other than simply saying "...there is no God..." Once this has been established, Sartre goes on to highlight the problems this creates."There is no human nature

Compare the lives of women in the developing world with women in the developed world with reference to the violation of human rights.

2226 words - 9 pages Women in the developed world enjoy a wide range of opportunities and receive the protection of Human Rights laws. However, women in the developing world often have their rights ignored or violated. They are disadvantaged in all aspects of their lives, including their work, their legal status, their health, and even their freedom.Usually women must juggle their paid jobs with domestic duties such as caring for children, tending to crops and

The Human Condition

1951 words - 8 pages Lisa LawHUMAN CONDITIONQuestion: "It means they were human"How have the texts you have studied in Area of Study: the Human Condition contributed to your thinking of what it is human.Word count: 1945The human condition is the experience of all elements of human existence. The susceptibility to endure both happiness and sadness is one of the elements that respond to our questioning of what is human. This is examined by the contrast of exhilaration

The Human Condition

612 words - 2 pages The Human Condition      Does life ever seem pointless and discouraging? In Albert Camus’s “The Myth of Sisyphus,” Camus describes the correlation between Sisyphus’s fate and the human condition. In the selection, everyday is the same for Sisyphus. Sisyphus is condemned to rolling a rock up a mountain for eternity. Camus’s “The Myth of Sisyphus” forces one to contemplate Sisyphus’s fate, how it relates to the human

The Human Condition

798 words - 3 pages The Human Condition Death does not surrender to science or to rationality; therefore, some people resort to irrational behavior when faced with the fact they may die soon. The fear of death, or, specifically, the anxiety of it, can cause various reactions. A number of people may reach out to love ones for support and comfort while others may run away. These differences in behavior, fight or flight, are a result of a natural human response

Jean-Paul Sartre the Existentialist, Sigmund Freud the Determinist, and Victor Frankenstein

2692 words - 11 pages Human nature has been determined by many as many different things. Some believe that humans have a preexisting "essence" that account for their actions. However, an existentialist or a determinist would disagree on such a philosophy. Jean-Paul Sartre is a famous French existentialist. Not only was he an existentialist, but an atheist as well. He asserted that God does not exist, and that the only human condition is that of free choice. Sigmund

A case analysis of the Irish Hotel Industry with specific reference to the City Hotel (a fictional Hotel and it's problems with Human Resources.

3806 words - 15 pages The following report is an analysis of the Irish Hotel industry with specific reference to the City Hotel. After identifying the main problems facing the Hotel, I have completed an external analysis on the environment the hotel is currently operating in. A review of the hotel's current strategy determined whether it can operate profitably in this environment and what changes need to be made with it's identified problems to the fore.Challenges

The Effect of Self-Reference with regard to Memory

5609 words - 22 pages AbstractAn experiment was conducted, under laboratory conditions, to investigate if the effect of self-reference enhances the human memory's ability to recall information and to investigate the effect of structural and semantic encoding. The participants were conveniently chosen from a second year class of ACD undergraduate psychology students, with no predetermined conditions. A computer program randomly displayed words, which the participants

Similar Essays

Sartre And The Meaning Of Human Existence

844 words - 3 pages ' existence. According to Sartre mans' existence only takes on meaning through his actions. The Sartrian existentialist finds it extremely troubling that God does not exist because with Him vanishes all hope of finding values in an intelligible heaven. "As Dostoevsky once said, "If God did not exist, then everything would be permitted."(pg 22) Sartre claims this to be the existentialist starting point. This is the reason that Sartre talks about

Sartre And The Rationalization Of Human Sexuality

2644 words - 11 pages ). There are a number of important implications in Sartre's peculiar concept of bad faith, including implications for his analysis of sexuality. The existentialist or psychological implication is basic to all the others. Sartre emphasizes his connection with Kierkegaard at this point. Bad faith is a condition of conscious existence which is an expression of the basic anxiety of humans. Existing as a nothingness at the core of their being, they

Plato's Allegory Of The Cave Compared To The Human Condition

1006 words - 4 pages , of reality, is transformed. They come to see a deeper, more genuine, authentic reality: a reality marked by reason. The individual then makes the painful readjustment back into the darkness of the cave to free the prisoners. However, because he now seems mad -describing a new strange reality - they reject him to the point of threatening to kill him. Plato抯 Allegory of the Cave is a direct representation of the human condition, the

The Human Condition: Contemplation Key To Understanding

573 words - 2 pages The Human Condition: Contemplation Key to Understanding Ask the average American what the problems facing his country are, and you will get a battery of standard responses. Some people will say health care, others violent crime, and still others will say drugs. There will probably be some who complain of high taxes or express a need for gun control. Certainly, there is evidence to support the fact that these are all issues of great