Expectation Essay

4866 words - 19 pages

The warning signs of a gigantic hoaxin the promotion of ethanol as a sub- stitute for gasoline came into sharp focus earlier this year, as a result of investiga- tions into the claims by government agencies about the efficiency of biofu- els. The evidence is not yet conclusive, but sufficiently suggestive to warrant prompt Congressional investigation into what might be one of the greatest and most costly hoaxes perpetrated by the Cheney-Bush Administration since the selling of the Iraq War.
The leading beneficiaries of this false promotion are the major grain cartels, the large hedge fund operators, who have moved in on the boondoggle, and at a higher level, those policy interests who would take us back to an agricul- tural society on the imperial model. The big losers will be the American public, including those farmers and farm-state businessmen who have been suckered into one of the greatest investment swin- dles since John Law's Mississippi land bubble.
The entry point for uncovering this hoax were the claims by officers of the U.S. Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Energy (DOE) that produc- tion of ethanol from corn shows a posi- tive net energy balance of 30,528 Btu per gallon,1 or 67 percent more than the energy required to grow, transport, and distill it, and that cellulosic ethanol (derived from switchgrass or other inputs) could provide even higher net energy returns. But deeper investigation showed that while some independent analyses, most of them of recent vin- tage, show a slight positive energy bal- ance, the figures promoted by govern- ment agencies (the USDA Office of the Chief Economist, in particular) appear wildly inflated.
A huge energy giveback credit is allo- cated for the by-products of ethanol pro- duction, the data appear selectively cho- sen to make the case, and the claims have been inflating over the years.
If, as the preliminary evidence sug- gests, the bottom line has been goosed up to make the case, the source of such probable corruption is not far to find. As one Federal official with experience in energy and pollution was quoted in the
January 2007 Scientific American, referring to the 51-cents-per gallon tax break for ethanol, "Congress didn't do a life-cycle analysis; it did an ADM analysis." ADM is Archer Daniels Midland, the largest of the five grain cartel giants, which has been pushing corn ethanol for more than two decades, and whose influence over the USDA is no secret.
The hoax, however, goes much deep-
62 Spring/Summer 2007 21st CENTURY Science & Technology SPECIAL REPORT
SPECIAL REPORT
IT'S STILL MOONSHINE
Smell of Gigantic Hoax in Government Ethanol Promotion by Laurence Hecht
PRNewsFoto/Broin Companies
The Voyager Ethanol plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa. Congress should investigate the Cheney-Bush Administration's ethanol hoax.

er than the debatable claims for a posi- tive net energy balance for ethanol pro- duction. No competent evaluation of the efficacy of biofuels can be carried out apart...

Find Another Essay On expectation

Society’s Expectation of Revenge Essay

1191 words - 5 pages . Wanting to kill off everyone that’s wronged us is cool because society says it is cool. In addition, another example of someone impacted by society is a critic with the named Rebecca Murray. She mentions in her review of the movie that it is not a disappointing movie and exceeds expectations. From this, one can assume that the expectation is that the protagonist fulfills her vengeful duties. Which is an expectation set by society and entertainment

Identity Against Societal Expectation Essay

1291 words - 6 pages her physical body, winning the “duel to death” against the untrue self and societal expectation. Just as Julia de Burgos addresses her “other” self in the poem, Isabel Luberza relates to her “other” self by Isabel la Negra. By utilizing a mirror like image, the two women in When Women Love Men blend as if they were reflections of the same. The shared first name is difficult to distinguish between the two when first reading the story, and at first

Expectation is the root of all heartache

963 words - 4 pages “Expectation is the root of all heartache,” stated by William Shakespeare, has a substantial meaning that is widely supported by psychology. This proverb can be utilized in all aspects of life. It is ordinary for the human being to be let down and disappointed on some occasions. Studies show that the reason for this negative feeling is established from expectations that society and individuals themselves create. Dr. Gary Trosclair

The expectation in Asian Countries: research paper

1092 words - 4 pages is always an opposite of all things, even a family. For the "dark" side of a family would be composed of a child hating all those who would care for him/her, and those people are the child's parents. There could be many reasons why children would hate their parents, but there is one answer that may be the highest one to all younglings: expectations.Parents with high expectation for their kids have many reasons as to why they would teach their

Why do people comply to social rules and expectation

1598 words - 6 pages Why Do People Comply With Social Rules and Expectation?Rules are statement on what can, should or must be done in particular circumstances. They govern our daily life whether we are aware of them or not. Rules are divided into two, direct rules(written formal rules) such as laws regarding manslaughter or incest and indirect rules(unwritten informal rules) such as norms, values and traditions of a particular society. Social expectation serves as

Rational Expectation Theory and Ideological Factor of National Security

936 words - 4 pages Nash solution begs the question of rational allocation. However, this is a problem shared to some degree by most bargaining and social contract theories. The Nash solution can also be counterintuitive even when the default position is reasonable. One would expect, for example, that if the feasible set is enlarged, then no player’s share should decrease in a rational allocation. There are examples in which a Nash solution violates this expectation. They provided one motivation for the development of Raiffa-Kalai-Smorodinsky bargaining.

Audience and Expectation in John Clare’s An Invite to Eternity

1859 words - 7 pages Audience and Expectation in John Clare’s An Invite to Eternity Although John Clare’s “An Invite to Eternity” appears to be a direct address to an unknown and anonymous “maiden,” in reality the poem is a much more complex appeal to the reader, which takes on the guise of traditional love poetry only to subvert it. In many ways, Clare’s poem seems to emulate and echo more classical poems such as Marlowe’s “The Passionate Shepherd to His

Expectation of A Bird

2657 words - 11 pages On the dot at eight, Miss Sophia reached me in front of my gate. Get in her car, she rendered me a dazzling smile and thank me once again for accepting her invitation. We went to a restaurant, a place I have never been. I never cared much about that, as long as I am with her. Feeling so lucky to spend the night with her, I silently made a wish that this won’t be the first and the last date for us. My brain gave out few questions… would this woman

What expectation did British soldiers and civilians have of their government following World War 1?

1338 words - 5 pages soldiers arriving home to no jobs whilst the civilians wanted the security of their wartime trade, particularly women. The expectation that men and their families, who had fought in the war, would be looked after by the government through pensions was overwhelming and political support was crucial to this issue.Understanding of the emotional pain of World War I was important to the British soldiers and expectations of their government at the time of

In the classroom that I observed I found it hard to pick just one academic expectation to talk about in this paper

782 words - 3 pages Meeting Academic Expectations in the ClassroomIn the classroom that I observed I found it hard to pick just one academic expectation to talk about in this paper. Out of six classes that I observed I have chosen three that I believe meeting the academic expectations fully.One class that I found that meet the expectations number 2.22 is Mrs. Philips photography class. In this expectation she lets the students develop their abilities to apply the

My Personal Goals And Expectation As A Student

775 words - 3 pages It has been 20 years since I have been in school and I want to be here at The University of Phoenix to finally get the degree that I have put off for so many years. I realize there may be road blocks ahead of me that I am not aware of at this time, but I am making a commitment to myself to be successful. The road I have chosen is long overdue, but I believe it is the right choice and something I strongly desire. I selected the U of P due the

Similar Essays

Northcentral's Expectation Essay

1670 words - 7 pages Northcentral’s Expectation In order to complete the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree at Northcentral University (NCU), there is a requirement for the successful completion of a dissertation acceptable to the university. A prerequisite to the dissertation is the concept paper that provides the framework for the structure and content of the dissertation proposal (Northcentral University, 2013). NCU publishes milestone document templates that

Northcentral Expectation Essay

1529 words - 7 pages some form of research method. This paper compares and contrasts NCU’s concept paper requirements for qualitative and or quantitative papers. Northcentral Expectation Both qualitative and quantitative concept designs share design elements. Sampson (2012) states that a good or enriched qualitative and or quantitative concept paper is a product of forethought. Northcentral University (NCU) provides its Doctoral students with writing resources

Audit Expectation Gap Essay

2923 words - 12 pages Definition and structure of the audit expectation gapIn today's growing world of business, we see organizations reaching heights and falling dramatically. In last 100 years, the size of the companies has grown multiple folds and so is their list of stakeholders, especially investors. A huge investment in the past years is seen on the corporate governance activities to ensure a good image of the company. Auditing being a legal obligation for the

A Son's Expectation Essay

874 words - 4 pages did not live up to their expectation. He did not come home looking fat, nor was he wearing a nice suit and shiny shoe just like his brother or the barber as both parents suggested. “You see, ….. If you had a nice double chin and potbelly, there wouldn’t be any problem” his father responded (Farzan 23). Such remark showed how well outward appearance mattered in the Iranian culture. However, Morad was not very happy to hear all that his parents