When people realized that the earth was round, their curiosity peeked. Explorers set out to discover what exactly was in place. They returned to their homelands with new ideas, new products, and an increased knowledge about a world that appeared to increase in size. While today, we realize that the earth, did not in fact become larger; people just became aware of what was out there. Today the world still appears to "grow"; yet, there is a debate as to whether or not this is beneficial. In the times of Christopher Columbus, the expansion of the globe was referred to as exploration. At the moment, this "exploration" period is often termed globalization. There are many other differences than just a change in name. In the past, people were anxious to share knowledge and learn about new things that they could apply to their country. However, today the attitudes of some have changed since the days of their ancestors. Critics of globalization feel that it is more beneficial for their country to remain independent of the influence of other countries. They are not welcome to the so-called benefits that have been introduced in their country. Globalization is seen as a threat to their political system, their economy, and their country. They believe in localization. They are more concerned with what occurs within their boundaries. Proponents of globalization on the other hand, are still interested in exploring. To them, globalization can do nothing but help their respective country flourish among those of the rest of the world. Here, the benefits to the political, social, and economical realms of their land are aided by their increased knowledge gained from fellow countries.
Localization focuses on keeping relations within the country. Supporters believe that effects of globalization disrupt their belief systems. Politically speaking, some feel that globalization forces the citizens of the country to become alienated from their government. Globalization is said to decrease democracy. As the government becomes more concerned with the surrounding world, they tend to focus less on their people. Consequently, the citizens may turn away from their governing force. Authoritarian governments are often fond of localization principles for the obvious fact that they strive to have complete control over their country. In cases where globalization has a large impact on the state, the government is unable to exert total command.
The relationship between the citizens and the government is further diminished by the fact that some may believe their country is economically ruled by other countries. With globalization, the economies of the world may become dependent on each other. The state loses credibility with its people when it cannot adequately provide for its citizens. Localization attempts to limit trade with other countries. Consequently, other countries are not providing the goods, and it is thought that more jobs will be obtainable.
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