Missing Works Cited
"The Complexities and Contradictions of Globalization," by James N. Rosenau, describes two issues that have plagued modern international policy and relations - globalization and localization. Discussion of these issues bring forth questions of whether or not countries should open up domestic policy to international influence, and whether or not they should maintain domestic practices at the risk of hindering possible development. Debates over the costs and benefits of globalization and localization are continuous and manifold, and I outline the basic arguments in this paper.
It should first be said that what is essentially "good" and/or "bad" about globalization and localization is subjective. Rosenau discusses the competing views that exist on this topic, and opponents can contest the points that support these views as well. What must be kept in mind when confronting the pros and cons of these two issues is that advancement in one realm usually comes along with decline in another. The question is, is it the advancement worth more or less than what is being given up?
Rosenau defines globalization as "all those forces that impel individuals, groups, and institutions to engage in similar forms of behavior or to participate in more encompassing and coherent processes, organizations, or systems."
Globalization looks beyond borders to a state’s desire for change; it aims for unification of ideas and practices. This can allow for less developed nations to learn from the more developed. It can allow for freer trade, both of goods and ideas; greater standards of living; expanded knowledge, technologically, culturally, and politically; eased domestic/international relations; worldwide investment; and boosted production.
Countries that lack in a certain area (e.g. – industrialization, stable political structure) can adopt the ways of other countries, fully or partially, for their own betterment. Successful businesses can expand to different locales, adding to their size, while bringing jobs and industry to other nations. The underlying focus of these benefits is a widening of horizons with the intention of betterment of one’s own state and others.
As mentioned, advancement does not come without its’ declining effects. Globalization has the "potential to both enlarge and to degrade our humanity," according to Rosenau. While it does include the possibility of greater understanding and employment of global cultural, technological, political and economic practices, it can contribute to a deterioration of a country’s distinctiveness, tradition and identity. It is considered by many to be an intrusion. Globalization is not bound by the sacredness of a people’s belief system, nor is it bound by their social norms; and sometimes it can trample these beliefs and norms in the name of "modernization." Ultimately, it can be seen as a loss of the protection of one’s way of life that everyone assumes they have.