This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Explain Bentham’s Account Of Utilitarianism Essay

1766 words - 7 pages

Essay:Some people take for granted that most families are nuclear. This is what is desirable from the perspective of modernist like the New Right and those who believe in the neo conventional family like Chester. Other sociologists say that we live in a postmodern fragmented society where there are many different family structures due to a range of different reasons. This essay will assess these two perspectives using a range of different sociologist.In the 21st century, there is more variation in family structure than ever before. Therefore by definition family has become a much broader phrase which include; nuclear, lone parents, reconstituted, ethnic minorities, same sex, extended, bean pole, boomerang and many more types of family units.This postmodern world is growing industrially, consequently the extended family (which is a family household of three generations) that was seen as the basic family structure in pre-industrial society, is not as significant as it used to be. The nuclear family structure (is a heterosexual couple and their dependent children which) has developed into the major family structure in most industrialised societies. Parsons explains this through his "functional fit" theory whereby the particular structure and function of a given type of family will 'fit' the needs of the society in which it is found. According to Parsons there are two basic types of society: modern industrial society and traditional pre-industrial society.He argues that the nuclear family fits the needs of industrial society and is dominating family type in that society. The basic relationship between the family and industrialisation is one that has caused the family to progressively lose many of its functions as they have been taken-over by other institutions such as welfare, schools and hospitals in society.While extended family fits the needs of pre-industrial society, as the quantity of work was equally shared among the large family. Conjugal roles were more equal in pre-industrial times, as mentioned in Item A functionalist and the new right would view this as undermining the expressive and instrumental roles - which they consider essential for the well being of individuals and social stability. Children were treated like mini adults who dressed and worked the same. While the elderly that could no longer farm took over child rearing tasks in return for financial support. The extended family is not simply a result of pre-industrial society but additionally a consequence of ethical culture.Industrial society has two essential needs: a geographically mobile workforce and a socially mobile workforce. The pre-industrial family type (i.e. the extended family) had to adapt in these two ways to become suitable for the industrial society. The family changed its structure to gain finance that would be earned through industrialisation. In order to gain said finance families moved from rural areas to urban areas towards the work, however, extended families...

Find Another Essay On Explain Bentham’s account of Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism, by John Stuart Mill Essay

1368 words - 5 pages Explain why Mill distinguishes between higher and lower pleasures and assess whether he achieves his aim or not. In his essay, Utilitarianism Mill elaborates on Utilitarianism as a moral theory and responds to misconceptions about it. Utilitarianism, in Mill’s words, is the view that »actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.«1 In that way, Utilitarianism offers

Utilitarianism is a Form of Consequentialism

2098 words - 9 pages Current utilitarianism was created by mixing Jeremy Bentham’s account for utilitarianism and John Stuart Mill’s account for utilitarianism. Jeremy Bentham’s account for utilitarianism focused on pleasure. He defined utilitarianism by recognizing the fundamental role of pain and pleasure, approving or disproving the actions based on the amount of pain or pleasure brought on by the consequences, equating good with pleasure and evil with pain, and


1093 words - 4 pages the Theory of Utilitarianism. Bentham was a hedonist. He believed all human beings pursued pleasure and sought to avoid pain. Bentham said: “ Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do.” Bentham’s Utilitarianism is also called Hedonic Utilitarianism. Once Bentham had


638 words - 3 pages In this paper, I will argue that the most plausible moral theory is the Rawlsian Social Contract Theory (RSCT) when compared to U5. I will prove why this theory is superior to Jeremy Bentham’s hedonistic act utilitarianism (U5) by first raising an objection against U5 and exploring why the Utilitarian response to that objection is insufficient. Utilitarianism is a theory that claims that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes

Watchmen Essay

1369 words - 6 pages weaknesses to those theories. Utilitarianism is an ethnic theory founded by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. According to Jeremy Bentham, an act is considered as morally right if it provides the greatest amount of pleasure. Bentham’s view on utilitarianism is considered to be hedonistic because he does not take into account the consequences when considering that pleasure is the most important aspect. Bentham believes in maximizing pleasure

Mill's utilitarianism

1336 words - 6 pages Jeremy Bentham is often referred as the pioneer of the utilitarianism because he came up with the theory for the first time, and Stuart Mill is regarded as the father of utilitarianism because he materialized the theory of utilitarianism and established the greatest happiness principle. While Bentham’s utility had a quantitative and reductionistic approach, which describes that being hedonistic is always good and being in pain is always evil

Higher and Lower Pleasures: Their Effects on Millian Utilitarianism

1443 words - 6 pages happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain and the privation of pleasure.” Thus, it seems that Mill is inclined to accept a version of Bentham’s hedonistic utilitarianism. That is to say, Mill seems to be endorsing a quantitative theory of utilitarianism, which works on the bases of maximizing the duration and intensity of pleasure. However, later

law and morality

1497 words - 6 pages necessary to divide and deal with each concept separately. Democracy is a form of government in which power ultimately comes from the people through direct voting or elected representatives and achieves representation by favouring the will of the majority. Similarly, Bentham’s Utilitarianism favours the majority and for this reason would be workable in a democracy. Bentham explained that every law should be judged by the consequence it has on

Discussion of Utilitarianism

1286 words - 5 pages principle of utility as the correct ethical standard. What I know about utilitarianism is that it is basic principle for desire of happiness. But in Betham’s case you could be committing an immoral act and Bentham’s principle of utility states that it is still right. He gives the desirable person to many options as on how to handle the situation. Mills on the other hand, says that it is not worth all of the satisfaction

Rules in Utilitarianism Reconsidered

1670 words - 7 pages Question 3: Is utilitarianism able to account for the importance of justice and honesty? Be sure to discuss both rule and act utilitarianism. Do either of these accounts work? Explain your answer. Justice and Honesty: Rules in Utilitarianism Reconsidered Utilitarianism, with the Principle of Utility or Greatest Happiness Principle being its core, is a consequentialist theory which attaches the greatest importance to the consequences of each

Singer, Bentham and Utilitarianism

2384 words - 10 pages Mill was Bentham’s godson and became an influential member of the Utilitarian school. As he grew and experienced life, he began to review his own philosophical notions of Utilitarianism and introduced new ones, different than those of Bentham. Unlike his predecessor, Mill did not believe that the end goal of humanity was simply to gain pleasure, at least not in the form of physical notions. He believed that they had a drive to strengthen their

Similar Essays

Explain The Forms Of Utilitarianism Essay

726 words - 3 pages contains your Mum and a cancer specialist who is about to develop a cure for cancer, who should you save? It would have to be the cancer specialist. Utilitarianism does not take account of family ties.Utilitarianism treats everything as a means to an end: this contradicts Kant who argues that humans should never be treated as a means to an end, but as ends in themselves.Act Utilitarianism could subvert justice: it could allow for the torture and imprisonment of the innocent if it serves a greater good.

Explain The Main Forms Of Utilitarianism

989 words - 4 pages is a short-term feeling, whereas happiness is long term contentment. Bentham believes that the best act maximises pleasure and minimises pain, bringing the greatest amount of pleasure possible. Jeremy Bentham's theory of utilitarianism is considered as act utilitarianism as it focuses on the act. The situation is taken into account when determining the morality, and from this general rules can be derived.Bentham begins his theory with the

Act Versus Rule Utilitarianism Essay

1242 words - 5 pages . Bentham’s viewpoint demonstrates extreme utilitarianism very well because there are no rules, but instead there is only the action that best fits the unique situation. J.J.C. Smart describes rule-utilitarianism as “a more modest utilitarianism” (Smart 344). Smart renames rule-utilitarianism as restricted utilitarianism. Smart said, “In general the right-ness of an action is not to be tested by evaluating its consequences but only by

Utilitarianism Essay

1671 words - 7 pages with having the lower pleasures. Mill however did not take into account that not everybody would share the same ideas of higher and lower pleasures as he. By using some problems of implementing Bentham’s Act utilitarianism, Mill developed his theory, Rule utilitarianism. Unlike Act utilitarianism, Rule moves from general principles to specific actions. Following Rule utilitarianism, general laws and principles should