This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Explain How Russia And The Soviet Union Modernised From The Bolshevik Revolution In 1917 Until 1941.

608 words - 2 pages

Explain how Russia and the Soviet Union modernised from the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 until 1941.In 1917, as the political system of Russia was in turmoil, four years of war severely destabilised the Russian economy. Disruptions within the economy occurred due to the men on the battlefield, the loans the Russian government were taking to fund the war and the new policies introduced by the Provisional Government. In 1916 (figures not available for 1917), the production of iron, steel and coal had barely increased since 1913. The production of iron declined within three years from 4.2 million tons to 3.8 million tons. As Lenin assumed power, the civil war continued the trend of economic decline as the economic policy of war communism was introduced. The Bolsheviks had to feed the towns, who were providing munitions for the socialist war effort hence grain requisitioning of the peasantry occurred. In the urban towns, The Supreme Council of the National Economy (Vesenkha) was introduced as a measure against the birth pangs of a new socialist world. By 1921, the effects of the civil war took its toll as production fell to considerably low levels. Iron production fell to 0.1 million tonnes, steel production fell to 0.2 million tonnes and coal production fell to 9.5 million tonnes. The production levels mirrored that of Russia’s industrial capacity in the 1880’s.The issue of modernisation in the Soviet economy was widely debated by two different socialist thoughts due to the declining economy of the Soviet Union. The ‘Bukharinite’ strategy from the right was based on maintaining the smychka or the alliance between the peasantry and the proletariat. Bukharin believed that the peasantry should be allowed to proper flourish through an internal compromise with capitalism. The strategy also entailed a foreign policy based on a peaceful coexistence with nations to foster trade. However, Trotsky on the other hand believed...

Find Another Essay On Explain how Russia and the Soviet Union modernised from the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 until 1941.

Why was the Soviet Union Attacked by Germany in 1941?

3034 words - 12 pages territorial requirements for living space.” Hitler saw how vast the Soviet Union territory was and he wanted the German people to have the rich lands that it possessed for the surplus German population. If Hitler succeeded in taking the lands east of Germany, he would have enough room for Germany’s surplus population. The Soviet Union had many acres of unsettled land. The Soviet Union stretched all the way from Europe to the end of Asia. Hitler and

Economic Policy Change in Soviet Union From 1941 to 1986

1206 words - 5 pages Economic Policy Change in Soviet Union From 1941 to 1986 The period 1941 - 1986 saw little change in the Russian economy, although attempts were made at reform by Khrushchev, for example, with his 'Virgin Lands' scheme. I believe that economic policy did not change between the years 1941 - 1986 but the change was often quickly reversed and change was not carried out to a great enough extent to have any significant

Analyse to what extent this comment reflects the move to Bolshevism/Communism in Russia from 1917. Evaluate to what extent Stalin’s rule of the Soviet Union reflected revolutionary committee power?

3225 words - 13 pages . Retrieved 10 24, 2013, from How stuff works: http://people.howstuffworks.com/communism3.htmIvanova, G. M. (2000). Labor Camp Socialism: The Gulag in the Soviet Totalitarian System. Moscow: Moscow Fund for the Social Sciences.Moss, W. (2005). A History of Russia. Vol 2. London: Anthem Press.Phillips, S. (2000). Lenin and the Russian Revolution. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers.Rockmoore, T. (2002). Marx after Marxism:The Philosophy of

Political and Economic Changes in Russia Since the Fall of the Soviet Union

1530 words - 6 pages economic change from communism to a free market system. The new system and the old system, while initially seeming like they have many differences, are similar in the corruptness and oppression of the people. Because of this, the political and economic transitions from the old system of communism to the new democratic system in Russia have not been successful. The Soviet Union had an official government structure, which included a legislative branch

The Russian Revolution: To what extent was powerful revolutionary leadership and clear revolutionary ideas the reason for the successful Bolshevik revolution in October 1917?

1703 words - 7 pages The powerful leadership and ideas of the Bolshevik party were the foundation that helped them to successfully achieve the 1917 Russian Revolution. The Revolution remained in Russia because the ideology was aimed at the demands of the Russian workers and peasants. There was also a void in the government that needed to be filled and this made Russian vulnerable to Revolution. "The Tsar was replaced by an autocratic, oppressive bureaucratic and

What Were The Main Causes Of The Revolution In March 1917 In Russia

2440 words - 10 pages What were the main causes of the revolution in March 1917? The revolution of March 1917 wasn't just a sudden event that happened and was planned over night, there were many causes, long and short term that finally brought out the peoples strength.There were many long-term reasons for the Russian people being dissatisfied. The people weren't being governed properly. This was because Russia was full of many different races and social classes and

Stalin certainly achieved his purpose of establishing 'Socialism in One Country', and thereby completed the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Is this a correct judgement?

1880 words - 8 pages Stalin's achievements and the changes in Soviet society in the years 1928 to 1932 revealed that Stalin achieved his purpose of establishing 'Socialism in One Country', and thereby completed the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. The five-year plan allowed rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture. Stalin was able to erase all traces of the capitalism that had entered under the New Economic Policy, and transform the Soviet Union as quickly as possible, without regard to cost, into an industrialized and completely socialist state.

Why was there a revolution in Russia in February 1917?

1356 words - 5 pages The revolution in Russia of February 1917 had successfully overthrown the Tsarist regime, which lasted for more than three hundred years. Even though the revolution in 1905 was often referred as the "dress" rehearsal" for the revolution of 1917, in fact, they did not have a lot in common. The most important causes of February Revolution in 1917 could be examined from the following aspects.Politically, because of the weak personalities of Tsar

A description, with proof, of problems facing Russia since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, these problems include economic ails, and political leaning back towards communism

875 words - 4 pages Certain Communist RevivalSince the dissolution of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1991, the country now known as Russia has been going through many of the tough growing pains that such countries as it go through in their formative years. Inflation, political instability, economic turmoil and lack of enfranchisement are all issues that lead the populace to turn back to communism in hopes that all will be returned to the condition that the

Explain why the combination of circumstances surrounding the 1917 October Revolution presented the Bolsheviks with an unique opportunity to seize power

1429 words - 6 pages elected.Although this shows how the Bolsheviks gained power mainly through fortunate events occurring due to the inadequacy of the provisional government, the confusion of the revolution and low levels of morale, it would not be true to say that the Bolshevik revolution was completely unexpected on their part. They had been training the red guards from April as part of their 'counter-revolutionary committee'; they had used the soviet to gain support of the

Communist Ideology in The Bolshevik Party from 1917-1934

1072 words - 4 pages onwards clearly encompassed the notion that Marx advocated in the Communist Manifesto of 1848. However, Lenin and Stalin also deviated from Marxist thought during certain periods of Soviet history.The October Insurrection brought in Bolshevik Communist Rule in 1917. However, according to Marxist theory, the consolidation of power did not here to Marxist ideology. According to Marxist theory, a long series of proletariat revolution was necessary

Similar Essays

Explain How Russia And The Soviet Union Modernized From 1917 To 1945

1080 words - 4 pages ." Modernization was achieved, Russia was snapping at the western worlds heals.In 1941, the question posing the soviet leadership was how to ensure soviet survival. The party leadership realized immediately that the Soviet Unions' economic success was crucial to its military success. The war that waged until 1945 destroyed any possibility of measured planning however, the principles of centralized planning and the resilience and previous suffering of the

The Causes And Results Until The End Of 1917, Of The First Revolution 1917 In Russia

774 words - 3 pages was ruled by the Provisional Government and later by Kerensky's new Provisional Government. Eventually the Kerensky government was the one to stay in power until the Bolshevik revolution, an indirect result of the revolution.When the Soviet Union was established, the whole monetary institution went under state control, in other words the Soviet Union was socialized. The state owned everything and it ordered how much of everything should be

So Why Was The Soviet Union Attacked In 1941?

3086 words - 12 pages his failure for his quest of a Nazi Europe. If Hitler were to use the people from the areas that he had won in the summer months of 1941, he could have had a better chance of winning. Works Cited Stahel, David. Operation Barbarossa and Germany's defeat in the East. Cambridge, 96 UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Rich, Norman. Ideology, the Nazi State, and the Course of Expansion. New York, NY: Norton, 1973. Malia, Martin E.. The Soviet tragedy: a history of socialism in Russia, 1917-1991. New York: Free Press; 1994.

The Success Of The Bolshevik Revolution In 1917

4086 words - 16 pages The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 Part 1 Karl Marks was not Russian and he died 34 years before the Russian revolution, he was a German who spent most his life in England. He worked as a journalist but wrote books on history, religion, economics, society, and philosophy. Marx hated the system of capitalism because he thought that it was capitalism that had produced the problems of industry, poor