Explain The Emergence Of The Ku Klux Klan In American History And The Impact It Had On African Americans In The South

1629 words - 7 pages

The emergence of the Ku Klux Klan had a huge impact on African Americans in the South, as they lead many terrorizing rituals and racist lynching's directed at former freed black slaves. The Klan was formed and reformed three times over the course of history each time the Klan had different objectives, but each Klan shared the common view of white supremacy. The Klan recruited many well known members of predominately white communities including politicians and police. Although the Klan's dreams of a white America have somewhat been altered their views and beliefs still remain the same as they continue to terrorize and taunt African Americans in the south.The Ku Klux Klan, a white supremacist group, immediately formed in 1866 as a result of the American Civil war. They emerged in response to the civil rights movement and the freeing of African American slaves. The Klan is passionate about re creating white supremacy in America; forming three different Klan's at three different times in American history.The first branch of the Ku Klux Klan worked to abolish the Republican Party and eradicate African Americans right to vote in doing this the first Ku Klux Klan murdered numerous freed black slaves, black republican leaders and many other significant figures in African American Society. The first KKK was established in Pulaski, Tennessee, in May, 1866. Most of the leaders were former members of the Confederate Army and the first Grand Wizard was Nathan Forrest, an outstanding general during the American Civil War. During the next two years Klansmen wearing masks, white cardboard hats and draped in white sheets, tortured and killed black Americans . The Klan raided black members of the Loyal Leagues and intimidated southern Republicans and Freedmen's Bureau workers. When they killed black political leaders, they also took heads of families, leaders in churches and community groups, because people had many roles. Agents of the Freedmen's Bureau reported weekly assaults and murders of blacks. "Armed guerilla warfare killed thousands of Negroes; political riots were staged; their causes or occasions were always unclear, their results always certain: ten to one hundred times as many Negroes were killed as whites." Masked men shot into houses and burned them, sometimes with the occupants still inside. They drove successful black farmers off their land. General Canby reported that in North and South Carolina, in 18 months ending in June 1867, there were 197 murders and 548 cases of aggravated assault . Immigrants, who they blamed for the election of Radical Republicans, were also targets of their hatred. Between 1868 and 1870 the Ku Klux Klan played an important role in restoring white rule in North Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia. President Ulysses S. Grant dedicated his reign as president to enforcing the Civil rights act of 1871, his enforcement of the act led to the destruction of the first Ku Klux Klan.The second Klan formed in response to governing...

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