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Explain The Major Factors Between 1928 And 1933 That Enabled Hitler To Come To Power

930 words - 4 pages

Up to 1928 there had been uncertainty in Germany, with the Wall Street crash of 1928 this uncertainty became reality as the Weimar republic fell and Hitler took power. The crushing blows of the Treaty of Versailles to Germany's economy and its public pride led to the mood of the German people becoming depressed. They were penniless, so they looked left and right for an answer to their problems. With the rise of communism and right wing socialism, democracy was steadily loosing power. With the continual use of article 48(presidents ability to overrule the Reichstag), the limited personality of leaders, the awkward policies and loss of democratic ideals, the Weimar republic was week. With the ideas of Nazi propaganda and Nazi political methods, people specifically looked at Nazism as a way out of their situation.In 1923 a group of young, so called, Nazis were ambitiously planning to take over Berlin. When their ally dropped out they decided to break into a meeting and obliterate it, this was called the Beer Hall Putsch. They were arrested and their leader, a then unknown man, named Adolf Hitler went to jail with a chain of publicity trailing behind them.The years between 1923 and 1928 were prosperous for Germany; the economy had a minor 'boom' thanks to 'the young plan'. Müller, chancellor at the time, put in action a plan where Germany would borrow money from America so it could secure payment on it's reparations. This was fine until the Wall Street crash in 1928 threw Germany, and most of Europe, into depression. America demanded it's loans back and Germany's economy slumped. Inflation rose to an absurd amount, people became extremely poor, and they had lost whatever small confidence they had in democracy. Hindenburg threw Muller out of his chancellorship; Muller was the last chancellor to have a majority in the Reichstag.Germany was ruled by a method of government very similar to the American one we see today. It used proportional representation to make sure it covered the whole population's vote more effectively, and this is the reason why the Nazis, at first, were allowed to get any seats at all. The idea of this type of democracy was to keep all the different parts, the judiciary, the parliament and the executive separate from one another. However as the Weimar republic continued these separations became less and less, effectively bypassing the parliament completely.People began looking to other parties for leadership. They looked either to the extreme left, communism, or to the extreme right, National Socialism. The Nazis, although still small at this time (12 seats in 1928), had something no other parties had; successful political methods. As the depression grew, people began to be more desperate. People feared the growing...

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