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Explain The Spatial Variations In The World Patterns Of Fertility And Mortality

986 words - 4 pages

There are many factors that affect the rates of fertility/mortality and statistics indicate that a definitive world pattern has emerged. These factors include healthcare, politics, status of women, social and economical changes and the availability of resources. This worldly pattern can be seen in the divisions of developing and developed countries. It is common for developing countries to have a high fertility/mortality while developed countries display a low fertility/mortality.In developing countries, the fertility/mortality rates are extremely high especially compared to developed countries. Afghanistan has a total fertility rate of 7.5 and Niger with 7.9 which rank among the highest in the developing countries. Most people in developing countries are usually poorly educated about hygiene and family planning matters. With poor hygiene, people tend to fall sick more often and there is little health care available. Even if there is a healthcare service nearby, most people might not be able to afford the cost for treatment, therefore resulting in a higher mortality rate. Since many of these women are unable to afford healthcare services, they choose to give birth at home and if any implications arise, there are no immediate medical aids available to them resulting in a high infant mortality rate. In Afghanistan, more than 1900 women died during childbirth in 2000 while 1100+ women died in Zimbabwe and another 1400 in Rwanda. Knowing that their child may not survive, these women tend to reproduce more to ensure the survival of at least one child.Diseases are also another major contributing factor to the high mortality rate in developing countries. Poor hygiene and the lack of education on the prevention of the spread of these diseases cause many people to become infected. An example of this is HIV/AIDS. In Sub-Saharan Africa, more than 60% of people are living with HIV. Roughly 50 million Africans have been affected since the start of the epidemic, 8 African countries have more than 1,000,000 people living with HIV/AIDS. About 22 million have died from this disease in African alone.Education is not considered a main priority for girls in developing countries and if they are fortunate enough to go to school, a lot of them are taken out at an early age for marriage. Many of these girls are unaware of family planning and the availability of contraception and even they if are aware of it, their husbands still have the final say to determine if they are going to use contraceptive measures. 4% in Niger and 8% of married women of child bearing age uses modern contraception.On the other hand, women in developed countries possess a different status and perceptions to the women in the developing countries. These women are educated and therefore social attitudes have changed in today's society as marriage and having children are no longer considered a woman's top priority. Women want to have a career and having children is considered a burden.Since...

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