This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Civil War Broke Out In England In 1642

1023 words - 5 pages

In 1642, King Charles raised his royal standard in Nottingham, marking the beginning of the English Civil War. The next ten years saw the Cavaliers (supporters of the King) and the Roundheads (supporters of the parliament) engaged in a vicious battle for their respective leaders with the Roundheads ultimately victorious. This essay will attempt to explain why civil war broke out in England while summarizing the story behind the antagonism of the two parties.
One of the key factors that led to the civil war was the contrasting beliefs of King Charles and the parliament. The monarchy believed in the divine rights of kings, explained by Fisher (1994, p335) as a biblically-based belief that the king or queen's authority comes directly from God and that he is not subjected to the demands of the people. On the other hand, the parliament had a strong democratic stance and though they respected and recognized the king's authority, they were constantly desiring and fighting for more rights to power. Although climaxing at the reign of King Charles, their antagonism stretched for centuries long before his birth and much of the power that once belonged to the monarchy had shifted over to the parliament by the time he came into power.
Customarily, whenever a new monarch came into power, the parliament would vote the amount of tonnage and poundage (the allowance of the king or queen) to give him or her for their entire lifetime. However, they only voted for a year's allowance for King Charles. Cust (2005, p. 45) suggests that the reason behind the parliament's action was because of their disagreement with King Charles concerning England's involvement in the Thirty Year War. As this was his main source of income, King Charles was expectedly unhappy with the parliament's decision.
Summoned by the King on numerous occasions, the parliament steadfastly refused his requests for financial aid. Instead, they used the parliamentary meetings (that the King had intended for financial purposes) to voice their displeasures concerning his policies. Having already been dismissed twice by King Charles, the parliament was called for a third time in 1628. Under pressure by the parliament and in need of finances, King Charles was forced to sign the "Petition of Rights" which prohibited the King from transgressing specific laws, some of which he had infringed during his reign. Although the King was granted the funds that he needed, the continual complaints and criticism of the parliament towards him led to their dismissal once again. Having came to the realization that the parliament was not needed if finances were not needed, King Charles made peace with England's enemies, which ended their involvement in the "Thirty Years War". His evaluations were true and the parliament was not called on again for another eleven years.
Without the financial backing of the parliament, King Charles's was forced to seek his own means of finances. He gained a significant amount of...

Find Another Essay On Why Civil War Broke Out in England in 1642

Why World War II Broke out in 1939

2153 words - 9 pages that it was a reminder to the Germans of their defeat in the First World War and their humiliation by the Allies. His promise to the German people was that if he was the leader of Germany he would reverse this. By the time Hitler came to power, some of these terms had already been changed. The largest if these was Germany no longer had to pay reparations. However, most of the conditions were still in place. Expand German Territory Another

Why Did War Break Out In 1939?

1341 words - 6 pages Why Did War Break Out In 1939?IntroductionThere wasn't just one main cause or reason for the outbreak of war in 1939. In fact, it was the build up of many different factors that led to the Second World War. The following are the factors that led to war:The rearmament of GermanyGerman rearmament began after Hitler left the 1932-34 Geneva Disarmament Conference. He stated that as the victors of WWI would not disarm to his level, he would rearm

WHY DID WAR BREAK OUT IN EUROPE IN 1939?

1253 words - 5 pages regaining of Germans for Germany) but many think he wanted much more than these strips of land.Another possible reason why war broke out is that the Democratic powers in many countries were submissive to Hitler and his dictatorship. The United States of America was on the other side of the globe so were secluded, isolated and not at harms way from Hitler. France was very hesitant to interfere with Germany as she couldn?t rely on England and the

Why did the Second World War break out in 1939?

858 words - 4 pages On 3rd September 1939, Britain declared war on Germany. Just two days earlier on 1st of that same month, Germany had invaded Poland, having been explicitly warned not to do so. Was this the only factor leading up to WWII? Or was there a string of events, occurring in cannon, waiting to be sparked by this final act? – Was it just the last straw? In this essay I will be explaining the four main causes of the war before analysing them and

Why did World War I break out in 1914?

604 words - 2 pages better then the second model and it goes on and on. Since every nation thinks this way, militarism can go on for a long time. The reason why militarism is a short term cause of the war is because a strong military can be built quite quickly.The last cause of the war is the alliance system. An alliance is when two nations agree to look out for each other during a war. The alliances in 1914 were the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance. The

Why did World War I Break Out in 1914?

745 words - 3 pages In this essay I am going to be explaining the causes of WWI. There are four main causes of WWI. They are Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism an Alliances. The assignation of Archduke Ferdinand was only the 'spark' which set off the 'barrel of gunpowder'. The four causes had created so much tension in Europe that it only needed one event to trigger war. I will break down the four causes in to long-term, medium-term and short-term. The first long

Civil War In England. Which Were More Important, Short-term Or Long-term Causes?

1033 words - 4 pages more restrictions to safeguard gains already made.On 4th January 1642, Charles marched into parliament backed by several hundred soldiers with the arrest warrants for Pym and four other leaders of the opposition to him. They were however warned and escaped. The event reinforced their beliefs that the king could not be trusted.The Long-term causes of the Civil war in England engrained the seeds for future conflict between Parliament and the Crown

blacks in civil war

1367 words - 5 pages Slavery was abolished in this country over a hundred years ago but the consequences of this dark page in America's history are felt even today. This site was created to address those consequences, the political, social and cultural life of today's and yesterday's African Americans. What affect did the Civil War have on African Americans in the United States? Were they, as some argued, better off before the Civil War, or do the advances that

Civil War in Sudan

707 words - 3 pages The longest civil war in the world has not been happening in one of the major countries, but in a small region in Africa called Sudan. The Moslem, pro-government in the North has been fighting the non-Moslem rebels in the South since 1983. "Two million are dead, four million are displaced, and half a million are refugees. The rest of the world has turned a blind eye to the things happening in Sudan." (Feitlowitz, Online) Likewise, many consider

Why did World War I break out in the summer of 1914?

1581 words - 6 pages international law, and the rights of nations." 10 The origins of this conflict are complex; so are the causes. What then, initiated that "a fate greater than human power hung over Europe"14? How did the greatest conflict in the world begin and what influenced that in 1914, "the nations […] slithered over the brink into the boiling cauldron of war"13? At last, why did the War break out in the summer of 1914?There are different theories that state the

Limitations in Civil War Medicine

1756 words - 7 pages From 1861 to 1865, civil war broke loose and resulted in the many deaths of Americans. The blame for this tragedy is not due to the conflict alone, but due to the standards of medicine during the mid 1800s. Today we have the luxury of antibiotics and anesthetics to cure aliments and a much higher chance of surviving an injury or a common disease like malaria. Unfortunately, during the civil war, medical practitioners had to resort to primal

Similar Essays

Explain Why Civil War Broke Out In England In 1642

1002 words - 5 pages In 1642, King Charles raised his royal standard in Nottingham, marking the beginning of the English Civil War. The next ten years saw the King Charles and his army of Cavaliers engaged in a vicious war against the parliament and their army of Roundheads, with the parliament ultimately victorious. This essay will attempt to explain why civil war broke out in England while summarizing the story behind the antagonism of the two parties. One of

Why Did A Civil War Break Out In England 1642

2979 words - 12 pages WHY DID A CIVIL WAR BREAK OUT IN ENGLAND IN 1642?The Civil War had many separate causes. If we are to believe Conrad Russell then religion was the most important aspect of the explosive nature of the war following 1640. Other historians such as John Morrill have pointed out that to look too closely at religion in high politics as almost a single factor of the war is a dangerous stance to take. Morrill espouses the view that whilst events in high

Why War Broke Out In Europe In 1939

2533 words - 10 pages Why War Broke Out in Europe in 1939 When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1939, he was not at all secretive about his plans for Germany. He had four main aims, which were: - Abolish the Treaty of Versailles - Expand German territory - Defeat communism - The creation of One Reich He, like many others, believed the Treaty of Versailles was unjust and planned to abolish it. He called the German

Why World War I Broke Out In 1914

734 words - 3 pages There were many reasons why World War 1 broke out in 1914, some of which were obvious and others not so obvious. The most prominent reasons for the outbreak of World War 1 would be due to alliances in Europe, Imperialism, Militarism, and Nationalism. Lastly, the most obvious reason, the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, was the cause of the immediate outbreak of the First World War Over time, there were many countries within