Explain Why Voter Turnout Has Been Declining In The Past Half Of The Century And Why Voter Turnout In Presidential Years Is Higher Than That In Midterm Elections.

932 words - 4 pages

Voter Turnout in Federal ElectionsIn the past half of the twentieth century, researchers observed a decline in the voter turnout in federal elections. It has also been observed that the voter turnout has been higher in presidential elections than in midterm elections. The main factors of the declines are the citizens' negative public attitudes and the widespread political "apathy". On the other hand, the difference between presidential and midterm election voter turnout was caused by what I call the "media effect", which is explained in the essay, and also Kernell's theory.One of the main factors of federal vote turnout decline is the negative public attitudes toward the performance of the politicians and political institutions involved in federal politics. The objects of perceived public displeasure run the complete gamut of personnel and institutions, but when asked, people most prominently mention "politicians" and "the government", general terms which indicate the broad nature of the attitudes people ascribe to others. These negative attitudes are not necessarily personally held by respondents who voted in the election. However, it is likely that these feelings are fairly widespread. The lodestones of discontent are politicians and the government. There is a widespread perception that politicians are untrustworthy, selfish, unaccountable, lack credibility, are not true to their word, etc. Similarly, the government, sometimes imagined with a capital "G" and sometimes without, betrays the people's trust, and accomplishes little. Candidates are also mentioned frequently, because as one might expect, they are perceived to have the same faults as "politicians". Political parties are singled out as well, because some attributed the lowered voting rate to the difficulties people might have in finding any good choices, or in distinguishing between the parties that do exist. Potential voters have difficulty in relating to the issues brought forward by the parties at election time, or sometimes that the proposed policies are misguided. This factor resulted in fewer and fewer people voting in federal campaigns because people look at politicians as bad people who will not, while in office, be working for the common good.The other major factor for the decline in voting is public "apathy". According to many people, we are faced with a situation where people just do not care, do not pay attention, are lazy, or do not find the political scene exciting enough. A variation of this explanation is that people see non-voters as simply interested in other things, giving political participation a low priority. Or perhaps it is because those choosing not to vote have not bothered to get the information required to cast a meaningful vote. Some people simply have attitudes of cynicism, disillusionment, discouragement, frustration and hopelessness, and young people constitute a big percentage of them. Apathy has strongly contributed in the overall vote turnout because...

Find Another Essay On Explain why voter turnout has been declining in the past half of the century and why voter turnout in presidential years is higher than that in midterm elections.

American elections and its low voter turnout

1142 words - 5 pages these countries have shown more success in the turn out of voters. This is a question that many individual political scientists and political party campaign advisors seem to come by. A large question asked is why is American voter turnout so low; and how can we boost voter output.Now American voters are the lowest turnout of voters in the world, with the exception of Switzerland. This is possibly because of the fact that we do not have automatic

Improving Low Voter Turnout in the United States

670 words - 3 pages . I know that I will do my part this November by going out to the polls and encouraging my friends to join me. Hopefully this year the voter turnout will be higher than the last presidential election due to the closeness of the race and the issues at hand. I believe that, because the war in Iraq and concerns about homeland security, more Americans will take notice of the candidates' views and how they relate to their own. If the public does not decide to take an active role in their own government, than they can only expect things to become worse, not only with the war but with foreign relations, national policy, and the economy.

Examining Low Young Voter Turnout

1408 words - 6 pages . However, this is clearly not the case for all potential young voters. The Problem Young voter turnout has historically been disproportionately lower than all other voting groups. In California alone, as indicated in the California Civic Engagement Project, conducted by UC Davis during the 2012 elections only 50.9% of registered voters aged 18-24 and 55.5% of registered voters aged 25-34 voted, as opposed to 67.9% - 84.55% for all other older age

Factors Which Influence Youth Voter Turnout

1319 words - 5 pages turnout in relation to the youth is inevitable. Dr. Ben Hayden states, “Americans over the age of 60 years old are 15 percent more likely to be registered to vote than those between the ages of 18 to 30”, in describing why voter turnout among older voters is higher. Dr. Hayden continues on to say that, “registration strongly predicts voting.” This allows us to better understand the problem because although scholars argue attempting to target the

Why is the Voter ID List More Important Than EPIC?

855 words - 4 pages Every democracy has a different way of functioning. In some nation, the power is with the President whereas in some the Prime Minister has to do the job. Some have a small population on the flip side some democracies are brimming with overpopulation. Whatever the infrastructure and conditions be, the very fundamental idea of a Democracy stays strong and same. This idea is that of Elections and that too free and fair elections. For the World's

What Factors Affect Voter Turnout and Election Results

1080 words - 4 pages differ greatly in many aspects of life, and voting is one of them. In the 1992 Presidential elections, women were found by the U.S. Census' Current Population Reports to have voted two percent more than men did. Of the 62% of women who did vote, more were found to have supported Bill Clinton rather than George Bush. the 1992 voter turnout numbers among white, African-American, and Hispanic women reflect the success of movements to increase female

How Far Do We Go To Increase Voter turnout?

1018 words - 4 pages The only thing consistent about voter turnout in America has been its decline. Many voice the concerns of our lack of participation when it comes to voting. However, their efforts seem somewhat ineffective since there are still many that hardly respond to politics. Out of twenty-one democracies, the United States placed twentieth in voter turnout for presidential elections. Only Switzerland has lower voter turnout than in the United States.The

Why has trade union membership shrunk so dramatically in the past twenty five years? Will this continue?

1986 words - 8 pages heavy downsizing in highly-unionised heavy industries such as steel making. There has also been a decline in the relative size of the public sector and a fragmentation of former public sectors bargaining units. However, the evidence on effects of changes in unions decline is not convincing (G. Griffin & S. Svenson, 1996, pp 505-547; J. E. Kelly, 1998; B. Towers, 1997)(P. Turnbull, 1996) argued that structural factors do not explain unions

Overall, has the past century of warfare been worth it?

772 words - 3 pages War has been defined as a period of fighting, where there are open acts of warfare and hostility present. It is a destructive, vicious, violent and senseless process, where in most cases many people lose there lives defending their country or fighting against another. Despite this, it has been present numerous times in the past century. World War I and II, the Korean War, Vietnams War, Desert Storm and the Gulf War are just some examples. It is


1070 words - 4 pages Not many people realize that more than half of the world's population is undernourished or malnourished and one in every three of them lives in an abject poverty. These facts are the ones that fund-raising agencies or news media often glorify for obvious reasons. Compassion, feeling of guilt makes people donate money thus allowing organizations like Action Aid to operate. With the news about mass education, reduction in population and fund

List at least three factors that influenced population trends in Grenada in the past 10 years. Explain the role of each factor in the population trends of Grenada.

1004 words - 4 pages home to go to a new place or residence with different reasons and also different effects. Within the past 10 years (1998-2008) Grenada has seen a fluctuation in relation to the migration rate. This is due to certain factors that occur in Grenada, and in other countries around the world as a whole. Because of the economic situation in countries in South America such as, Guyana, and Venezuela (and other regions as well E.G Cuba) many citizens of

Similar Essays

The Decrease In Voter Turnout Essay

1441 words - 6 pages The United States presidential election of 2012 was the 57th presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012. The Democratic political leader was the incumbent President Barack Obama, and his candidate was vice President Joe Biden. Throughout this election the proportion of eligible voters who cast ballots shows that the rate was lower than in the past two presidential elections. Voter turnout decreased from 62.3

Youth Voter Turnout In Canada Essay

1175 words - 5 pages are becoming less engaged in politics and the voter turnout has steadily been declining over the last 20 years. This lack of participation by Canadians is creating a government that is influenced by fewer people, which is detrimental to the democratic system Canada is built on. Out of all Canadian age groups, the voter turnout for young voters is the most disappointing. In specific today’s youth are less likely to vote, less interested in

Voter Turnout? Essay

2030 words - 8 pages , especially in Democratic strongholds. The disturbing fact is that today, despite higher turnout in recent presidential elections-as well as historically high turnout in the Democratic primaries and caucuses during the intense nomination battle between Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama in 2008-proportionally fewer people vote today than during most of the nineteenth century (Greenberg, and Page, 2009). America’s low voter turnout has been

Voter Turnout Essay

1603 words - 6 pages turnout has marred previous presidential elections, 1996's voter turnout dipped below 50 percent for the first time in more than 30 years. It appears that the people's increasing cynicism about politicians that they lie to get elected and the perception that people have no respect or confidence in the two major political parties contributes to voter apathy and lower voter turnout. (CVD, 2004) Background There are many reasons why voter turnout