This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Explaining Wartime Rape In Armed Conflict: The Great Lakes (Sub ) Region

3689 words - 15 pages

MSc International Relations and Diplomacy
Master Thesis Lab
Draft Research Proposal
Jana Matejkova 17 March 2014

Draft Thesis Title
Explaining Wartime Rape In Armed Conflict: The Great Lakes (Sub-) Region
Draft Research Statement
Sexual violence in armed conflict and wartime rape has been part of the spoils of war from time immemorial. A long dismissed inevitable consequence of the conflict is now widely recognized as an important problem of international security. Its ruinous effects on victims, perpetrators and local communities include forced displacement, the spread of disease, the burden of unwanted children, and deeply traumatized populations. Wartime rape can have devastating repercussions for international security, and it threatens prospects for peace and post conflict reconstruction. Given the challenges of working in this setting, wartime rape has not been well studied.
No part of the world has been unaffected by wartime rape. However, there have been few efforts to gather comprehensive data, and there is little agreement why it occurs. The Great Lakes (sub-) region of Africa is no exception. Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda have been plagued by decades of political instability, porous borders and humanitarian crises, along with by internal conflicts and widespread violence. Within these conflicts, SVAC have emerged as a prominent modus operandi. Although there is an agreement about the use of strategic and systemic rape, there are many unanswered questions regarding its occurrence. I propose to test existing explanations for wartime rape using a dataset of all active armed conflicts in the period 1989-2009 and subsequently conducting explanatory case studies focusing on the selected region. The main objective is to shed light on the frequency of occurrence of wartime rape in a region that has witnessed war, political instability, and violence.
Without a clear comparative understanding, it is difficult to draw clear conclusions. Additionally, although scholars have made significant progress in studying violence during conflict, research on the human costs of civil war has focused mainly on deaths (Cohen, 2013: 462). Therefore, this research attempts to contribute to the existing scholarship; and can potentially challenge common explanation for wartime rape, with important implications for scholars and policy makers. Analysing the incentives to use sexual violence, as a strategic weapon of war would help clarify why the combatants resort to it. In the ultimate conclusion, such research would pave way for further cross-national/cross-regional research, which would help the international community as a whole to understand and possibly stop the most horrifying and least understood aspect of modern conflict.
Draft Research Question
a. Why does the degree of wartime rape vary across countries of the Great Lakes (sub-) region?
Draft Literature Review
Sexual violence and wartime rape has been a constant...

Find Another Essay On Explaining Wartime Rape In Armed Conflict: The Great Lakes (Sub-) Region

Water pollution in the Great Lakes

837 words - 4 pages with the complex problems of toxic and nuisance algae in the Great Lakes. It will focus mostly on Lake Erie. A strategy called the Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy establishes a list of dangerous toxic substances that are targeted for elimination, e.g. aldrin/dieldrin, chlordane, alkyl-lead, mercury, etc. The Great Lakes Areas of Concern project targets areas in the Great Lakes Region where the water is polluted and may be dangerous to humans

Asian Carp in the Great Lakes

982 words - 4 pages There are unwanted visitors threatening to make their home in the Great Lakes. Originally coming from Asia, the fish immigrated to the Mississippi River eventually making their way to the Great Lakes. Let’s take a look at the problem, the causes and effects, and the possible solutions of the Asian Carp Invasion. Bighead, Silver, Grass, and Black Carp, even though each its own distinct species, all fall under the name “Asian Carp.” They can

Ethiopia’s Conflict in the Ogaden Region of Somalia Regional State

1215 words - 5 pages escalating tensions in the region both sides continue to employ tactics that are viewed by the international communities as war crimes. The conflict between the two organizations is impacting the efforts that the US is trying to conduct in Ethiopia and the humanitarian effort going on in Somalia. I am going to give a few examples of the ongoing issues and try and determine if there is a peaceful resolution to the conflicts. According to Seid

International Armed Conflict: The Bosnian War

1516 words - 7 pages 1993 1994 1995 The Bosnian War was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 6 April 1992 and 14 December 1995. The war involved several factions. The main belligerents were the forces of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and those of the self-proclaimed Bosnian Serb and Bosnian Croat entities within Bosnia and Herzegovina. There was also a very brave man named Bozo Stegic who has save about

falling water levels of the great lakes

1017 words - 5 pages trillion litres of water are pumped from the Great Lakes. As natural influences as well as human factors are putting tremendous pressures on this water system, the water levels are dropping at an alarming rate. The falling water levels present an enormous environmental impact to thousands of species of plant and wildlife and to the 45 million inhabitants who dwell in the Great Lakes area according to the Council of Canadians. Lake Huron and

Asian Carp vs the Great Lakes

1343 words - 6 pages invade the Great Lakes. Asian carp were first imported to the United States from Southeast Asia in the 1970’s in order to filter pond water in Arkansas. They are actually three different species of carp, Black carp, Silver carp, and Bighead carp (www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Threats-to-Wildlife/invasive-Species/Asian-Carp.aspx). Silver carp can grow up to thirty-nine inches and sixty pounds. Bighead car are even larger, at sixty inches and one-hundred-ten

Asian Carp: Destroying the Great Lakes

1350 words - 5 pages Asian Carp should be prevented from entering the Great Lakes because they are destroying the ecosystem in that area. They are a negative contribution to the lakes because they are eating all of the plankton needed for the native fish to survive, which in turn will create a mass starvation among all the fish in the area. The Asian Carp are also a hazard to boaters, as they are capable of jumping out of the water and knocking into fishermen

Preserving The Great Lakes Heritage Coast

1153 words - 5 pages Preserving The Great Lakes Heritage Coast This paper will attempt to do several things in regards to the Great Lakes Heritage Coast. First, the author will provide some background information pertinent to this issue. Secondly, a summary of the current status of the Great Lakes Heritage Coast as presented by the guest speaker. Furthermore, the author of this paper will provide a personal opinion in regards to the importance of a

The Great Lakes Global Freight Gateway Project: Detroit to Halifax

1516 words - 6 pages Great Lakes Global Freight Gateway Project is a program that will utilize these vacant assets to create an inland port in Detroit and to promote global trade from the Midwest (GLFG3, 3:33/8:46). This essay is going to show how the Great Lakes Global Freight Gateway Project can restore economic vitality to the region and provide growth opportunities for all stakeholders. Development The United States economy has shifted from being predominately

Evolving in Wartime: Effects of the Psyche

1650 words - 7 pages people. Declaring independence from Great Britain in the eighteenth century caused the thirteen colonies of America to go to war. John Conrad, a soldier under the command of General George Washington wrote to his mother, “You would think very odd if you was here to see how we live as unconcerned as if there was no enemy on the continent till the drums beat to arms and then three minutes is sufficient us to be ready to face our enemy” (Day). The

A Career in the Armed Forces

731 words - 3 pages One of the largest and every growing career fields in the U.S is in the armed forces whether its the Marines,Air Force, Navy, or Army each offer a widespread variety of job opportunities some general and others more specified to a certain career field like medicine or Mechanics. However to first be able to enlist in the armed forces one must take the ASVAP which is a general test covering different areas from math to english to basic knowledge

Similar Essays

First Inhabitants Of The Great Lakes Region

3883 words - 16 pages The First Inhabitants of the Great Lakes Region in North America As archeological discoveries of bone fragments and fossils continue to support the existence of homo-sapiens in North America prior to the arrival of Indo-European explorers in the 15th century, this paper will attempt to explain chronologically, which Native American inhabitants lived or migrated throughout what is known today as the Great Lakes Region. This region includes

Why Diverting Water From The Great Lakes Region Is A Bad Idea

890 words - 4 pages Great Lakes is a terrible idea, one: it allows for waters wars to start on the basis of who is allowed to access it and for commodification purposes. Two, diverting water on such large scales could have cataclysmic effects on the local residents as well as the environment. Water War United States regions that may have the largest interest in the Great Lakes would be the Southwest and Southeast. The Southwest because the majority of the region

The Willandra Lakes Region Essay

677 words - 3 pages The Willandra Lakes Region is in the south west of New South Wales. The region is a World Heritage site because it has met two of the ten criteria set for being a World Heritage site. These criteria are: Criterion (iii): "bears a unique or exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared" Criterion (viii): "is an outstanding example representing major stages of Earth's history

Pollution In The Great Lakes Essay

1232 words - 5 pages targeted for elimination, e.g. aldrin/dieldrin, chlordane, alkyl-lead, mercury, etc. The Great Lakes Areas of Concern project targets areas in the Great Lakes Region where the water is polluted and may be dangerous to humans, animals, and plants. The GLWQA provides guidelines for restoring Areas of Concern in Ontario and for controlling pollution in these areas and the rest of the Great Lakes. There are also many things we can do to help prevent