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Explains The History Of Sabc Radio And New Developments Since The End Of Apartheid

849 words - 3 pages

1. INTRODUCTIONThis essay aims to discuss the current structure of SABC (South African Broadcasting Corporation) Radio. This will be achieved by giving an overview of the history of SABC Radio pre-democracy, and then stating the developments which have been made in terms of structure post-democracy. The essay will end off with a brief overview of the SABC's radio stations.2. THE HISTORY OF SABC RADIOIn December 1923, South African Railways made South Africa's first wireless broadcast, paving the way for SA's first radio station. 'JB Calling' was launched in Johannesburg, and its inception led to the development of two similar radio stations in Cape Town('Cape Town Calling' ) and Durban('Durban and Pietermaritzburg Calling') (Frans Erasmus, 2004).Financial problems led to the formation of the African Broadcasting Company, or ABC in 1927, but the problems continued, and Prime Minister Hertzog ordered an official investigation into all aspects of South African broadcasting. Two years later, the SABC was formed in accordance with Act 22 of 1936(Frans Erasmus, 2004) (Jitske Draisma, 2006).Due to a stipulation in the Act, the 'A & B Programmes' were introduced in 1937 to broadcast parallel Afrikaans and English.The first African language transmissions were made in 1940 via telephone lines and relayed to SA townships in the Zulu, Xhosa and Sesotho languages. This service was brief, but in 1942 short daily African language broadcasts were heard on medium wave frequencies of the A & B Programmes when they were not being used (Frans Erasmus, 2004).The first commercial radio station in SA, Springbok Radio, was introduced in 1952.A re-diffusion service was introduced in 1952 to transmit African language broadcasts, leading to the formation of several African language stations between 1960 and 1965.Radio RSA, an external service of the SABC, started to broadcast internationally in 1966, broadcasting news programmes in Afrikaans, Dutch, German, Portuguese, French and Swahili (Frans Erasmus, 2004).As a state owned broadcaster, the SABC was controlled for many years by the apartheid government, the National Party (NP). The SABC on the whole was used to propagate the apartheid ideology, and the conservative attitudes of the government were reflected by the choices of music played on SABC Radio stations (Wikipedia, 2006).From 1982 to 1983, several diverse radio stations were formed to expand radio audiences and, in 1985, three pioneer radio stations- the Afrikaanse Diens, English Service and Springbok Radio were closed down and replaced by Radio South Africa and Radio Suid Afrika (Frans Erasmus, 2004).3. DEVELOPMENTS POST-DEMOCRACYWith the unbanning of the ANC and other political...

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