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Exploration, Exploitation And Colonization Of America: Christopher Columbus

1133 words - 5 pages

Christopher Columbus was a Spanish master navigator and admiral whose four transatlantic voyages opened the way for European exploration, exploitation, and colonization of the Americans. He has long been called the “discoverer” of the New World. Although, Vikings such as Leif Eriksson had visited North America five centuries earlier. Christopher Columbus made his voyage under the sponsorship of Ferdinand II and Isabella I. Who were the Catholic Monarchs of Aragon. And how he made is voyage and why he did it.
Christopher Columbus was an Italian explore, navigator and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa, in what is today northwestern Italy. He was born October 1451 and he died May 20, 1506. His full name was Cristoforo Colombo. Not many people know about his childhood but people believed that he was well-educated because he was able to speak several languages as an adult and had a wide variety of knowledge of classical literature. Columbus took the sea at a young age. He was only fourteen and it continued throughout his younger life.
Columbus’s first voyage started on August 3, 1492. This was when he left for Spain for is initial journey. The Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nina made up Christopher’s small fleet of ships with teams of men that would join him for nearby towns. He planned to land for a short period on the Canary Islands but he ended up with a month’s layover instead of a short period of time which is what he planned. This was due to problems with weather, like lack of wind, also, for the lack of requirements of ship maintance. Wind remained flat therefore it took him a few days at the start of September to establish visual contact with the island of Hierro.
Columbus landed at the Bahamas October 12 and continued to Cuba October 28. The captain of the Pinta leaves the other ships in search of gold. Christopher carried on without that ship until December 5th where he landed at Hispaniola. On December 24th the Santa Maria hit a reef that following day and went under. This was an unfortunate situation because the only ship that was left, the Nina, wasn’t big enough to hold all of the people on the other ship. Because of the hitting of the reed Columbus had to leave behind almost forty of his crew at the fort he had built. He promised the men he would come back for them. Christopher carried on and on January 6, they found the ship the Pinta that had left them to find gold. Christopher Columbus arrived back home on March 15, 1493. Captain Pinzón, who was the Captain of the Pinta died days after arriving. Shortly after, Christopher Columbus who had obviously reaped all the glory.
Christopher Columbus second voyage led a seventeen vessel fleet containing over 1000 men. Leaving the Canary’s on October 13, 1493, they had covered a large amount of distance and first came to Dominica in the West Indies on November 3rd. Over the next fourteen days, Columbus took the ships up the Dominica and found the Virgin Islands, the Leeward Island,...

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