This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Exploration Of Memory Essay

3356 words - 13 pages

Exploration of Memory

Forgetting is a common process that occurs near enough every day.
The general definition of forgetting is the inability to recall or
recognise something that has been previously learned. Forgetting
occurs in both short and long term memory, and several explanations
have been put forward as to why forgetting occurs. There are two main
theories concerning forgetting in long term memory.

The first explanation was the decay theory, this suggests that
information stored in memory can eventually fade away. There is an
assumption that a memory trace in our brain disintegrates over time
and so is lost. This idea of gradual deterioration comes with it's

There is much research evidence surrounding this explanation of
forgetting in long term memory. Lashley (1931) conducted some famous
experiments, with training rats and removing certain sections of their
brains; his research supports the view that long term memory may be
related to physical decay. Another classic and well known study was
conducted by Jenkins and Dallenbach (1924). They found that recall was
better if participants slept through the retention interval, this way
little information was entering their memory, and therefore
displacement could not have occurred. At night there was no
displacement and little forgetting - this illustrates that forgetting
during the day must be due to displacement and as a result cannot be
explained by the decay theory.

Although, this study cannot be relied upon as valid - Jenkins and
Dallenbach made a major methodical flaw in their experiment. The
independent variable was whether or not the participant slept during
the retention interval; the confounding variable was when the
participants were tested for recall. The problem is that both of these
variables occurred and the same time, and thus it is impossible to
tell whether better recall was due to sleep in the retention interval,
or the time of day when recall took place. It is, perhaps, also
necessary to point out that this study is not very realistic - the
information participants were asked to remember is not like it would
be in real life, and therefore the experiment lacks ecological

Further investigation into the decay theory, and extending Jenkins and
Dallenbach's work, was Hockey et al. (1972), this study found that
recall was better in the morning. This means that the original finding
can be explained in terms of the time when testing took place rather
than lack of displacement while asleep. Another criticism is that if
decay is a major explanation for forgetting then why is it that we
have so many long term memories? There is much evidence to suggest
that memories can be very long lasting (Bahrick et al.) , this evokes
the fact that decay is an unlikely explanation for most long...

Find Another Essay On Exploration of Memory

Sensory perception Essay

1044 words - 5 pages things. The sense of sight helps in the trigger off a response according to the information detected and sent to the brain. The response may be moving away or moving closer. The above are the reasons for believing in the accuracy of the sensory information. They are a major key to the world wonders and allows one in the exploration of new things. Alteration of the senses causes inaccuracy of the sensory information, therefore, judgment is

Amnesia in Singular Case Studies and the Experiments Developed Thereof

1570 words - 7 pages alleviate, amnesia. There are two particularly famous amnesiacs, known as HM and EP, who, in efforts to better understand their condition, scientists developed new tests and procedures to evaluate brain function and attempt to determine what parts of the brain are responsible for memory. The purpose of this work is to explain the conditions of HM and EP and to examine how these cases contributed to the exploration of memory storage and disorders


1094 words - 5 pages addressed. Rosalind Shaw has created a well documented and careful exploration of divination by the Temne and Mende people of Sierra Leone, Africa. New standards for the study of memory are set. It has been depicted that individuals in Sierra Leone prefer not to discuss slavery and subjugation. Shaw notes that “there are diverse techniques of remembering the past than by discussing it” (Shaw 2002: 2). Situating herself amazingly well in the

Explain key psychological perspectives on learning, such as memory, how learning takes place, intelligence, etc. You should refer to the work of key theorists

1753 words - 7 pages "What if?". If information is presented correctly - i.e., the relevance explained ("Why?"); the basic information and methodology is presented ("What?"); opportunities for practicing are provided ("How"?) and exploration of the applications allowed ("What if?") - all types of learner will derive the maximum benefit. (Kolb, 1984)ConclusionAlthough memory, learning and intelligence are defined in the dictionary, there is a great deal of controversy

The Smithsonian 9/11 Website

1307 words - 5 pages /11, but to promote a global understanding of terrorist actions. Through examination of these examples and their exploration of the interplay between history & memory, it can be observed that choice of language, working alongside textual form, perspective and medium of production, all combine to influence the meaning of a text. These four vital factors create the fundamental core of the text, with each one playing a crucial role in determining a text's meaning.

The Role of Neural Structures in Subserving a Specific Psychological Function

2835 words - 11 pages procedures, a greater understanding of human brain function was obtained, especially in the case of human memory, and cognition. Surgeries conducted by William B. Scoville (1954), that involved bilateral removals, indicated a promising treatment for patients with severe mental disorders. Yet, further exploration into the surgeries and recovery periods found that patients having medial temporal lobe resections as part of their treatment had manifesting

Cognitive Development

1075 words - 4 pages one to four months as the stage of first habits. During this stage primary circular reactions appear in which infants repeat some act involving their bodies. They continue to open and close their hands. Infants seem to have no external goal and no intent in actions other than pleasure of self-exploration. They are learning something about primary object in their world and their own bodies. Secondary circular reactions emerge during the third stage

Working Essay

1224 words - 5 pages In my practice, I seek to explore both the physical and psychological aspects of trauma and healing. As I have continued with my own exploration, I have expanded my research to include ideas from philosophy and science as well as art. The contemporary philosopher, Susan J. Brison has been a great influence in my practice. One quote that has inspired much of my work comes from her book, Aftermath: Violence and the Remaking of a Self. She said

Student-Centered Learning

1281 words - 5 pages -directed. Computer-based microworlds give the learner a link between abstract concepts and understanding based on experience, providing artificial environments for exploration. The computer-enhanced environment also combats rote memory and disassociation of knowledge. Instead, the learner understands through the refinement of experience and exploration. As in any learning environment, the student needs a facilitator who identifies and provides

Trauma and Recovery in Art

1178 words - 5 pages Leonardo DiVinci's figure drawings and anatomical sketches interest me. His exploration of ideas and exhausting research inspired my practice. As I have continued with my own exploration, I have expanded my research to include ideas from philosophy and science as well as art. The contemporary philosopher, Susan J. Brison has been a great influence in my practice. One quote that has inspired much of my work comes from her book, Aftermath

The Contribution of Patient Case Studies on our Understanding of Cognitive Processes

2195 words - 9 pages about intact cognition. For example, Shallice and Warrington’s (1970, cited Hitch, 2010) investigation of patient KF with acquired brain damage showed that he had an impaired auditory digit span but normal intelligence and performance in long-term learning and memory and understanding spoken language. This supported a dissociation between short-term memory and long-term memory initially proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin (1971, cited Hitch, 2010

Similar Essays

Free Recall Vs. Cued Recall In Short Term Memory

640 words - 3 pages as cued recall and serial recall, which may incorporate all or some of our senses, or may be accessed without any cues assisting the retrieval known as free recall. Having been a profound topic of interest, research has aided to set precedence for further analysis of the human memory. One of the most central theories that have evolved throughout the exploration of human memory has been the theory of limits. On a quest to find a valid response

Space Exploration Essay

1010 words - 5 pages , innovative new light-weight materials, rockets and aircraft material. Space exploration by nature causes innovation because the need for “increased performance in space… usually means getting more out of less” (Crusan & Neumann, 2011). These size and weight constraints on materials and equipment have lead to the creation of devices that we use everyday like water filters, scratch resistant lenses, and memory foam. The newest advancement in NASA’s long

Should Money Be Spent On Space Exploration?

801 words - 4 pages was later used in collaboration with Foster-Grant to create scratch-resistant plastic lenses. NASA has also helped lead to the development and/or advancement of such technologies as freeze drying, cochlear implants, memory foam, water filters, and solar panels. Space exploration gets us closer to answering life’s biggest mysteries. Everyone who has ever existed has been curious about where life started and where it will end. The space exploration

A Forensics Memory Study Of Malware In Android Operating Systems

2744 words - 11 pages image extractor. This loadable kernel module can acquire the full memory address range from an Android system, either over the network or via an SdCard [10]. Along with various new Android specific Volatility plugins, and a custom built ARM architecture investigation profile for Volatility, these tools are used in our research to analyze running malware through the exploration of hidden processes, process structure, malicious APK activities